NASA opens the International Space Station to the private sector for approximately 4 million yen per night, enabling commercial use
June 7, 2019, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is the International Space Station announced that it will open to the general, private companies can now commercial use of the space station.
NASA Opens International Space Station to New Commercial Opportunities | NASA
NASA is opening the ISS to commercial business and more private astronauts-The Verge
Until now, NASA has prohibited the use of the International Space Station for commercial purposes. It is said that private companies wishing to send products to the International Space Station had to meet the conditions such as that there are some educational elements in their business and that there are new technical demonstration aspects. There were no space stations available for purely commercial efforts, and NASA astronauts were not able to engage in work that could have commercial benefits.
However, NASA decided to permit commercial use of the International Space Station by a private company by a newly issued (PDF file) interim directive . Private companies can use the International Space Station for marketing and testing their products, and NASA astronauts will be able to engage in private company initiatives.
The operation of the International Space Station is expensive, and the annual operation cost will be approximately 3 to 4 billion US dollars (approximately 330 billion to 40 billion yen). On the other hand, President Donald Trump of the United States was reportedly instructed in 2018 to 'end funding for the International Space Station by 2025.'
NASA wants to use its budget for more ambitious projects, such as the ' Artemis plan, ' which will send humanity back to the moon by 2024, and will eventually move the management and use of the International Space Station to a private company They are planning to let them go. Allowing commercial use of private companies at the International Space Station is seen as a move towards future International Space Station transitions.
By allowing the commercial use of the International Space Station, NASA argues that the International Space Station will be the 'destination' for many business and individual visitors, and generate many revenue and business models.
At the time of writing, there are various restrictions on the commercial use of the International Space Station. NASA's '5% of the resources' will be allocated for commercial use of the International Space Station, and it can carry up to 175 kg of commercial cargo a year at the International Space Station. In addition, the time that NASA astronauts can engage in commercial activities is limited to 90 hours a year. Private astronauts can stay at the International Space Station twice a year for 30 days each, and transportation will be limited to spacecraft under development by SpaceX and Boeing.
In addition, including expenses such as the International Space Station life support system, toilets, charges for food and medical supplies, and utilities, it is necessary to spend approximately $ 35,000 per day (about ¥ 390,000) about. In addition to this, it seems that it costs more than about $ 50 million (about 5.5 billion yen) for round-trip travel costs for launching a rocket.
The announcements by NASA on June 7 are attended by more than 10 representatives of civil aerospace companies, and some have already raised hands on NASA's proposed commercial use. Biggero Aerospace , a venture company working on the space station module, has already reserved four rights to use the International Space Station at the time of writing. The announcement is just the beginning of the commercial use of the International Space Station, and NASA will continue to improve upon feedback from the industry.