Amazon launches 'Project Kuiper' which covers the whole earth on the Internet with more than 3000 satellites



Amazon unveiled a plan to cover the Earth in three layers with over 3000 satellites and provide satellite-based broadband communications to 95% of all humanity. The trigger was that a company called 'Kuiper Systems LLC' submitted a document asking the United Nations to approve the satellite launch plan. Overseas media GeekWire surveyed the company, it turned out that it is a subsidiary of Amazon, and Amazon has officially recognized this for GeekWire's coverage, and has revealed the full scope of the plan.

Amazon's Project Kuiper aims to satellite satellite broadband access – GeekWire

Amazon will launch thousands of satellites to provide internet around the world-The Verge

The project 'Project Kuiper', named after the astronomer Gerald Kuiper , was launched by a venture company called 'Kuiper Systems LLC' based in Washington, DC. On March 26, 2019, the company applied for and received approval for a large-scale satellite launch plan from the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for wireless communications. Asked about this, Amazon has officially recognized that 'Kuiper Systems LLC' is a subsidiary, and clearly shows that the company has launched a new space business that generates multi-billion dollar profits. I made it.



An Amazon spokeswoman told that 'Project Kuiper is a long-term effort to provide high-speed broadband communications to Internet-unconnected areas around the world. This plan still prevents access to the Internet. It is intended to provide the Internet for billions of people, and in the future various companies with shared visions will join this plan. '

A total of 3236 satellites launched by the Project Kuiper will be installed in three different satellite orbits. The breakdown is 784 units at 367 miles (approx. 590km), 1296 units at 1296 bases, and 391 miles (approx. 629 km) at 379 miles (approx. 609 km), thereby reducing latency , which is a delay in communication, in a short time Launch costs are also reduced. Satellites will be set up to cover 56 degrees north to 56 degrees south, so that 95% of all humanity lives in the area south of the southernmost tip of South America, near the center of Scotland You will fall on the net.

by riya rohewal

Also referred to as the father of the web Tim Berners-Lee says is the 'half of the world is adapted to be connected to the Internet,' says so, the Internet is has been widely used mainly in developed countries, a different perspective It can be said that only half of humanity still enjoys the benefits of the Internet. In fact, it is estimated that about 3.8 billion people of the Earth's population, which is estimated to be about 7.5 billion or more as of April 2019, live in an environment not connected to the Internet, 'Project Kuiper If this is realized, we can expect that almost all humanity on earth will be able to access the Internet.

On the other hand, there are many obstacles ahead of this far-reaching plan. In order to actually launch the launch plan, it is necessary to clear the strict examination of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) for measures to prevent satellite orbit confusion and disposal of satellites that have stopped functioning. However, if NASA does not allow 99% of the existing satellites to be removed from the satellite orbit after the end of the mission, the satellite collision will cause Kessler's syndrome where space debris explosively increases I have indicated that I would be afraid .

In addition, the leading ' SpaceX ' has already successfully launched two satellites, and is planning to finally send 12,000 satellites to space. In addition, 'Project Kuiper' such as a venture company ' OneWeb ' which succeeded in launching six satellites for broadband communication in February 2019, Facebook seeking a space development alternative to the drastic ' Aquila ' project, etc. There are other competing plans for Amazon, who will be putting himself in a tough battle over a new frontier, commented on GeekWire's coverage that it is looking into co-development with ' Blue Origin ', which Amazon's CEO Jeff Bezos personally established was doing.

in Science, Posted by log1l_ks