A movie that recorded the last day the New York Times was printed in the typographical printing method is ongoing
Newspaper companies that print large quantities of newspapers each day automatically arrange print mothers by typing keys and make a printed version using it as a template "Rhino type"I used a machine called" It is not used anymore, but on the last day, it is a major newspaper companyNew York TimesVimeo has released valuable images of how craftsmen worked in.
Farewell - ETAOIN SHRDLU - 1978
With the sounds of various machines touching each other, a rhino type keyboard is shown up in the up. In the past, I picked up type one by hand, I arranged it by hand, but in Rhino type I typed the letters automatically as a typewriter and you can make a "plate" for one line.
Rhino type has become a mechanism to arrange letters line by line, and "ETAOIN SHRDLU"Is a character string marked as" a line type mistake was made because it made a typo "when Rino type operators mistook keystrokes. Typing the two rows at the left end of the rhino type in order from the top is said to be in such order, and the order of this key is the order of the most frequently used letters in the alphabet.
Rhino type operators are arranging prints with very serious looks.
At this time the time is past 8 PM. The first edition of the morning edition the next day must be completed at 9 pm.
This day is a major milestone for rhino type operators who work at the printing office of the New York Times.
On July 2, 1978 working on the last day of using the rhino type for the New York Times. From next day, we will start making plates using computers.
In the printing room where many people work, this day is the same as ever, and many skilled rhino type operators are making plates.
In the rhino type system, the periphery of the machine becomes extremely hot because it is made of printed type alloy which prints are heated.
We will arrange the printed alloy version made for each line in order.
In order to make a conspicuous head line, there was still a way to arrange special old type letters one by one.
Beyond the printing room, it seems that preparations for computer printing, which replaces letterpress printing from the next day, are progressing steadily.
A man who says "Rhino type was invented 100 years ago" talked about how a rhino type was a wonderful invention, and was missed parting with Rhino type.
A spectacle where a lot of Rhino type operators are working side by side.
The Rhino type is a machine that arranges types of printed characters, and integrates typewritten characters into typewritten characters to make a plate. Through thin metal grooves, typewritten alloys are poured into molds.
Each line of rhino type is made ... ...
Furthermore, we will rearrange the version according to the design drawing of the newspaper.
The editors attended the work and checked carefully for mistakes.
The plates aligned one line at a time are cut into extra pieces and become one version.
It is 14 minutes remaining until the deadline of 9 PM.
The photograph was also made by typewriting alloy.
A skilled technique glows also in the work which holds the aligned plate with a block of metal from above and hits with the hammer.
Because a newspaper's plate is a massive metal mass, it appears to be carried on a cart.
When we can make the first edition at 9 pm ......
The printing office is as relaxing as the party. This man is a big veteran who has worked as a rhino type operator for 49 years, and it should be said to be a walking dictionary of the New York Times' printing shop.
"I know that the new system has benefits for everyone, but it is still sad after all."
After completing a fleeting rest, the manuscripts printed in the first edition are conveyed one after another. When I find the mistake of the first edition ......
Replace it with the correct version. The deadline for the final version is 11 PM.
And when the final version is completed ...
Press the plate of typewritten alloy to make a mold.
Press the alloy over the mold and ...
We produce several semicircular metal plates.
The metal plate moves in the printing room while making loud noise ......
It is arranged one after another.
One of these metal plates has 40 pounds (about 18 kg).
Set the plate on the rotary press ... ....
The last letterpress printing of the New York Times began.
The press increases speed and newspapers are printed at tremendous speed.
The rotary press continues to run overnight and prints.
Within the printing laboratory where printing was finished, there was also a rhino type operator who was missing the last separation with the rhino type.
The last type the operator ordered is "etaoin shrdlu".
A man who is going to reluctantly rent a rhino type that the motor is cut off and never again let the typewriter run.
The inside of the printing shop, which was a fussy festival to the last minute, gets quieted and does not echo any sound. Thus the history of typography in the New York Times curtained silently.
Rhino type operators "change" to computer typewriters.
If you are a computer you can easily fix typos on the screen and you do not need to replace the metal version line by line as before.
The printing method also changed, and there is no need to arrange versions of heavy typed alloy ... ...
Printing is now possible with a single button.
I also thought that the new invention had completely destroyed the old invention ... ...
Workers who finally work are skilled craftsmen.
Their eyes and hands are producing newspapers that are printed on a daily basis.