How can I learn efficiently by boosting memory ability?


ByDolbex

In order to learn a new field, it is necessary to memorize a lot of things and memorize things, but some people may have tried out the famous "memory art" but did not exert any effect at all. How can I learn efficiently? Therefore, "Learn Better"Ulrich Boser, author of the book," I'm responding to an interview "What should I do to boost my memory?"

'Learn Better' Book Shows How to Learn New Things - The Atlantic
https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2017/03/how-to-learn-new-things-as-an-adult/519687/

Q:
What does it mean to learn something? What is the difference between "learning" and "remembering"? In what state can you say that "I learned"?

Mr. Boser
As an example of my favorite expressing the state of "I learn things" and "becoming an expert", the radio program "Car TalkThere are two people of personality. They do not actually see a broken car, but people have a problem with the car, "I'm making a strange sound of Buick, but I will throw them a question." Two of the personality will help solve the problem of the listener thinking about the problems that were in Buick and Buick that they saw in the past.

If you learn about systems and analogies in specific fields and how they relate to each other, you can finally shift your mindset. Then you can solve the problem even when you see a new problem.

Q:
It is said that there is no point in highlighting books or reading documents before a meeting, why?

Mr. Boser
Rereading and highlighting just reading the material is passive. It certainly feels relieved when checking the materials before the meeting, but that does not mean "I knew it." In order to learn, it is necessary to make 'relevance', and it is better to perform some complicated acts such as 'explain to myself' or 'ask yourself'. Rather than memorize the materials before the meeting, please ask yourself questions. Do not have wrong sense of security such as "reread data".

Q:
Why is "teaching others" a valid way for learning?

Mr. Boser
The effect of "teaching others" is the same as "explaining to myself". Many research has proven the effect of "self explanation" that explains to myself why that is important, why it does not work well, what is the difference between the things and so on. The difference between "to explain to yourself" and "to teach others" is that if you teach others, you need to think about which parts of what you are trying to explain are complex and how you can explain simply is. Therefore, by teaching others, you can shift your way of thinking from the state explained to yourself.

ByWirawat Lian-udom

Q:
In books, "Learning is inevitably difficult", but why?

Mr. Boser
Now it is overflowing with what claims to be "easy to learn" and "learning is fun!" Can you answer the Australian capital?

Q:
Is it Sydney? Perhaps it is wrong, is not it?

Mr. Boser
Is not it Sydney? Any other thoughts?

Q:
Melbourne?

Mr. Boser
wrong. Please say one more thing.

Q:
What a thing. I can not believe I do not know. Is it Brisbane? I'm sorry, I do not know.

Mr. Boser
It's Canberra.

I experienced the same experiences as you now when I was talking with researchers. "How embarrassing it is, in a famous country, it is something you should know." However, such things are useful for learning. Ten years later, you can not guarantee that you remember the capital of Australia, but now you have learned firmly. Because the information has become somewhat meaningful for you.

Both of us should have known Australia's capital at somewhere so far. However, it probably was not a shameful situation like now, it was not important at that time. One of the reasons for saying that learning is difficult is here. It is necessary to exercise more memory.

And, in order to acquire the skill, you need to get out of the safe area and challenge. Even shooting games, it is necessary to challenge to develop skills.

Q:
What is the most effective type of feedback?

Mr. Boser
Like the example in Australia above, I heard it when I had to put out the wrong answer, "correct answer" has a big meaning to you. So, effective is "feedback you get when you do a task that needs to produce an answer".

Q:
"Interval repetitionWhy is repetition learning useful for learning?

ByThought Catalog

Mr. Boser
If there is a place where you can periodically re-learn what you've learned, learning will be better. People are underestimating "forgetting", but people will forget it at the same rate as learning things. If you know that we will forget the details of information like "the capital of France" in 3 months,AnkiYou can learn as many times as software like. This is not a new learning method, but it is seldom used in universities and high schools.

Q:
The story of "Think Week" invented by Bill Gates was very interesting. Once Think Week's gates are away from their daily workWhite paperIt is to read about important topics that affect management, but why does he do this? And what can we learn if we set Think Week?

Mr. Boser
He leaves everything and has a quiet time to acquire new skills. We disregard the role of reflection and contemplation in learning. Thinking about what happened that day, you can connect each one when you are taking a shower or going to bed. This is important. People who want to learn something efficiently think that having time to "configure" them is important. There are also some research findings that reflecting makes learning more effective.

Q:
How can I remember a person's name?

Mr. Boser
To remember the name of the person who kissed for the first time, it is useful for memorizing that the content to memorize is "one with emotion". Linking other information to the information afterwards. When you do not want to forget the name of your boss's daughter, you associate their names with other information you already know. For example, if you like the baseball team's "Knicks" and your daughter's name is Kelly and Neely, you remember "The initial letter of the name is the same as Knicks". By doing this you make the information more meaningful for you.

in Note, Posted by logq_fa