Does 'This video contains violent depictions' make sense?



For people who have experienced traumatic events in the past, there is a risk that they will have flashbacks in the blink of an eye. A ' trigger warning ' such as 'contains' and 'please refrain from those who are not good at it' may be inserted. However, it turns out that these trigger warnings are not only pointless, they can actually cause pain.

OSF Preprints | A Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Trigger Warnings, Content Warnings, and Content Notes

Trigger warnings don't help — and could actually cause distress, studies suggest | National Post

There is no consensus regarding trigger warnings, with some claiming that they help prepare for and avoid the elements that lead to discomfort and pain, while others claim that they only incite unnecessary fear. .

Of particular concern are educational settings such as law classes dealing with actual cases of sexual assault and murder, and literature lectures on the theme of novels with depictions that go against modern values. is. If the TV program you watch in your spare time has a depiction that you are not good at, you can simply change the channel, but students who have to take credits and experts who are engaged in research may find it difficult because it contains elements that they are not good at. Sometimes you can't help but read the material.

Therefore, a research team led by Victoria Bridgeland of Flinders University, Australia, conducted a

meta-analysis to analyze 12 previous studies that conducted experiments on the effect of trigger warnings.

As a result, 11 cases showed that the trigger warning was ineffective, and the remaining 1 case reached the vague conclusion that ``it is a difficult trade-off problem.'' Overall, ``warnings are meaningless. ” was concluded. Also, some papers pointed out that warnings are counterproductive.

For example, one experiment examining the reactions of people receiving trigger warnings found that only 6% of those receiving trigger warnings actually avoided the material. About this, Mr. Bridgeland said, ``Trigger warnings can actually increase the appeal of the content, which is called the ``forbidden fruit effect''.

In addition, some studies showed that `` while the trigger warning itself may cause negative emotions, the content that was the subject of the warning did not necessarily cause negative emotions. According to Mr. Bridgeland, this is thought to be related to the phenomenon that ``I get scared when I am told that unknown things and scary things are approaching''. We also know that such a 'posture effect' has no effect on relieving the pain that follows.

The paper summarizing the findings of this study is in the preprint stage and has not yet been peer-reviewed. The researchers also noted that the study had several limitations, including the unknown long-term effects of trigger warnings and the impact on people with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). I admit

On top of that, Peyton Jones, one of the co-authors of the paper, said, ``The trigger warning is a note to help people, but I think the first thing is to make sure it really helps people. I will.”

in Science, Posted by log1l_ks