WHO Announces 'Top 10 Causes of Death in the World'

The World Health Organization (WHO) has announced the 'Top 10 Causes of Death in the World' for the 20 years from 2000 to 2019. According to a WHO survey, 55% of the 55.4 million people who died in 2019 died from any of the leading to 10th causes of death.

The top 10 causes of death


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Below is a graph of the top 10 causes of death in the world, with the unit of each scale being 'million people'. Aggregate result in 2019, the first place 'Ischaemic heart disease ( ischemic heart disease )', # 2 'Stroke ( stroke ),' third place 'Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ( chronic obstructive pulmonary disease )', 4 'Lower 'Respiratory infections', 5th 'Neonatal conditions', 6th 'Tranchea, bronchus, lung cancer', 7th 'Alzheimer's disease and other' Dementias (Alzheimer's disease and other dementia) ”, 8th place“ Diarrhoeal diseases ”, 9th place“ Diabetes mellitus (diabetes) ”, 10th place“ Kidney diseases (kidney diseases) ”.

The number one cause of death in 2019 was 'ischemic heart disease,' which is a combination of diseases such as angina and myocardial infarction that occur when blood does not reach the heart. According to a WHO survey, the number of deaths from ischemic heart disease has increased by more than 2 million in the last 20 years to reach 8.9 million in 2019. It is calculated that about 16% of the people who died in 2019 die from ischemic heart disease. Approximately 6 million people have died in the second place, 'stroke', and about 3.5 million people have died in the third place, 'chronic obstructive pulmonary disease'. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a chronic respiratory disease mainly caused by smoking, and there was a time when the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare was trying to name it 'tobacco disease'.

'Lower respiratory tract infections,' including pneumonia and bronchiolitis, which often kill children, killed more than 3 million people in 2000, but have been declining in recent years. However, the death toll in 2019 was still 2.6 million, ranking fourth. The 5th place 'newborn symptom' is a combination of newborn death due to choking, trauma, sepsis, infectious disease, complications, etc. during childbirth. Neonatal symptoms have decreased by nearly 40% in the last 20 years, but still kill 2 million people annually. On the other hand, the 6th place 'tracheal cancer / bronchial cancer / lung cancer' has shown a remarkable increase in recent years, and the number of deaths has increased by 50% in the last 20 years to reach 1.8 million.

The 7th place is 'Alzheimer's disease and other dementia', and WHO notes that 65% of the deaths due to Alzheimer's disease are women. The 8th place is mainly in developing countries,

and 'diarrhea' is the second leading cause of death in children under 5 years old . The 9th place is 'diabetes' which has shown a remarkable increase of 70% in the last 20 years. The 10th place was 'kidney disease' which was out of the rank of 13th place in 2000.

The WHO also analyzes 'causes of death according to income group' based on the income classification by country / region by Gross National Income (GNI) announced by the World Bank. The top 10 causes of death in the 'high-income countries' category classified by Japan are as follows. In the world, 7th place 'Alzheimer's disease and other dementia' is ranked 2nd, 7th place is 'Colon and rectum cancers', and 9th place is heart disease caused by long-term hypertension. which is the generic term 'hypertensive heart disease ( hypertensive heart disease )' has ranked respectively. WHO noted that the number one 'ischemic heart disease' and the number three 'stroke' have been declining in the last 20 years.

in Note, Posted by darkhorse_log