Half of the world's beaches could disappear by 2100
The rise in sea levels associated with global warming poses a major threat to the lives and social activities of coastal people around the world and to the ecosystems of coastal regions. A newly published study at
Sandy coastlines under threat of erosion | Nature Climate Change
The world may lose half its sandy beaches by 2100.It's not too late to save most of them
Half The World's Sandy Beaches Are on Track to Vanish by 2100, Scientists Warn
The proportion of sandy beaches on the earth's coastline seems to be about one-third, and there are ecosystems unique to sandy beaches. In addition, sandy beaches are closely related to the lives of local residents, such as being a tourist resource that attracts many people and protecting the coast from storms and floods.
Causes of lost beaches include not only rising sea levels due to global warming, but also beach erosion due to storms. In general, even if the sandy beach is temporarily lost due to storms, etc., the sand will eventually be washed back to the coast from deeper waters, etc., and it will take several months to several years, sometimes several decades It is thought to recover gradually. However, if global warming continues to accelerate without a decline in greenhouse gas emissions, rising sea levels will exceed the resilience of sandy beaches, and beaches will disappear.
According to a study published by a new research team such as the
To estimate the speed at which the beaches would disappear, the research team analyzed satellite images from 30 years dating to 1984 and drew a trend line for the speed at which the beaches disappeared. In line with this trendline and
In the RCP8.5 scenario, which the IPCC considers to be the 'worst scenario,' global warming continues to accelerate without a decline in greenhouse gas emissions, compared to the average temperature between 1986 and 2005. The temperature in 2100 will rise by 3.7 degrees. Based on this RCP8.5 scenario, 49.5% of the world's beaches will disappear by 2100, and the total distance of the disappearing beaches will reach 132,000 km. Even in the stage of 2050, the distance of the disappearing sand beach will be more than 40,000 km.
The research team also predicted that 95,000 km of beaches would be lost by 2100 even in a scenario called “RCP4.5,” where the temperature in 2100 would rise 1.8 ° C compared to the average temperature between 1986 and 2005. I am. The loss of beaches in this scenario is likely to occur over the next 30 years.
In particular, the 10 countries the research team expects to lose many coastlines include Australia, Canada, Chile, the United States, Mexico, China, Russia, Argentina, India and Brazil. Some countries, such as the United States, are planning to build systems to protect beaches and shorelines, but many countries cannot implement sophisticated and costly defenses.
'In order to continue to enjoy the beaches, we cannot allow a continuous and ever increasing greenhouse gas emissions,' said
in Science, Posted by log1h_ik