'Apple is committing labor law violations at a factory in China and working temporary workers'
by Steve Jurvetson
Prior to Apple's presentation, a Chinese non-governmental organization, China Labor Watch (CLW), defending workers' rights, reported that there was a violation of labor laws at Foxconn's factory that undertakes production of Apple products. CLW has infiltrated several secret investigators at Foxconn's factory in Zhengzhou, China, and some of them have worked for four years. As a result of the survey, despite the fact that the labor law in China has determined that dispatched workers account for up to 10% of the total, the factory in Zhengzhou has 50% of dispatched workers in August before the presentation. I understood that it occupied.
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According to the report, in 2018, 55% of factory workers were dispatched workers including student interns. As students return to school, the proportion of dispatched workers at the end of August falls to 30%, which is still outside the standards of the labor law. CLW reports that these temporary workers do not receive the benefits that regular employees receive, such as paid leave, paid sick leave, medical insurance, unemployment insurance, and pension insurance. Temporary workers' basic wages can be high, but salaries are paid by third-party companies, not Foxconn. CLW says that if you work in the factory for three months, you can become a regular worker.
by Tyler Lastovich
In addition, CLW states that the following happened at Foxconn's factory:
・ Retirement is not allowed at peak production times.
• Some dispatched workers have not received the promised bonus.
・ Despite being prohibited by internship rules, student workers were working overtime at the peak of production.
・ Some workers worked over 100 hours per month during busy periods. China's labor law limits monthly overtime to 36 hours.
・ In order not to work overtime, approval is required. If the application is rejected but the overtime is still refused, the manager will be warned and the overtime will not be possible when he wants to overtime.
• Participate in unpaid meetings sometimes at night.
-Workers are not provided with appropriate protective equipment.
・ Injuries during work are not reported by the factory. Rage is also common.
When Apple conducted a survey after receiving a report from CLW, it turned out that the proportion of temporary workers actually exceeded the standard, so `` I work closely with Foxconn to solve this problem, '' Apple said Says.
It has long been pointed out that Foxconn's factory that manufactures iPhones has a poor working environment.
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CLW said, “The labor violations revealed at the Foxconn plant in Zhengzhou highlight several issues that Apple is violating its code of conduct. Apple has fundamentally improved the working environment in the supply chain. 'We have the responsibility and the ability to make it happen, but Apple is profiting by passing on the costs arising from trade wars to workers through suppliers and exploiting them from Chinese workers.' Announced.
“We believe that everyone in the supply chain should be treated with dignity and respect. To ensure adherence to our high standards, the factory has training on workplace rights, and on-site worker interviews. , We have introduced an anonymous claims processing department and a management system with ongoing audits, 'he said in a statement.
On the other hand, Apple said, “We have examined China Labor Watch's claims, but most are false. We have all workers properly compensated, including overtime wages and bonuses, and all We confirmed that overtime work was voluntary and there was no evidence of forced labor. '
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