Research results that women will no longer choose science and mathematics as gender equality is realized
In the United States only 18% of women acquire a degree in computer science. On the other hand, in Algeria, women who acquired degrees in science, technology, engineering and mathematics account for 41% of the total. What is the difference? So, the latest research results have been announced.
The Gender-Equality Paradox in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education - Gijsbert Stoet, David C. Geary, 2018
The More Gender Equality, the Fewer Women in STEM - The Atlantic
In the graph below, the horizontal axis isSTEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics)The proportion of women with degrees holds the whole and the vertical axis shows the imbalance between men and womenWorld Gender Disparity Index. In Finland where the gender gap is small, the proportion of women who choose the STEM's route is small, and conversely, in Algeria where the gender disparity is large, the proportion is high, so the proportion of women having STEM degrees becomes higher as the "opportunity" of women is smaller You can see that. In Algeria, where women have a degree of STEM degree of 40%, there are many cases where women discrimination in employment is large and women often have to see their husband's mood.
Psychologist Gijsbert Stoet at Leeds Beckett University and David Geary, a psychologist at the University of MissouriNew research results releasedIn the country where inequality between men and women is large, women are likely to become experts in the field of science and technology, seeking the possibility of obtaining financial freedom. When two researchers examined the test scores of students in 67 countries around the world, scientific achievements of female students in many countries were about the same as or better than that of male students' science. For university-level science and mathematics, female students had academic ability to take classes without problems.
On the other hand, as for "good subjects" when comparing multiple subjects, female students 'good points were science, while girls' college subjects were national languages. This tendency seems to have been seen also when the girls' average of the scores of science was about the same as the male average. Of the female students in all the countries surveyed, 51% said that their most favorable subjects were national languages, 25% said it was mathematics. Meanwhile, for male students, 38% answered that the good subject was science, 42% answered mathematics, and 20% answered that it was national. Regarding that female students answered that their favorite subjects were national languages, Mr. Geary said, "At least the advantage of girls' basic language ability is involved, and female students are generally more interested in reading and more I read many books and have experience of reading. " In addition, paradoxically, in countries where women's power is strong, women choose STEM more paradoxically, because women can choose "to enjoy themselves the most and to be good at themselves" The researchers have made a hypothesis.
However, when looking at the point of "satisfaction of the whole life", it seems that in developing countries the discrimination against women is large also in the academic field, and the country with smaller gender gap is more satisfied.
"School girls are not good at mathematicsThe prejudice of perseverance is still strong, and it is often a problem that women tend to be avoided in employment in the STEM field. However, some of the researchers said that "the gap of STEM in gender occurs not because" women are not good at science "but" because there are other good things from the high level of language competence " Some people show the idea.
In addition, this research shows that there were more female students who are good at mathematics and science than those who acquire STEM degree. This means that even liberal societies have pushed female students who are good at science and mathematics from the way of science and mathematics.
British novelist Virginia Woolf said "Fixed income and one person's time are indispensable for women to create artAs I said, financial stability is necessary for women's job selection. It will be possible to select profession based on passion rather than economic reason only after it is obtained, but it is also a point to remember that passion does not necessarily go to science and mathematics.
in Science, Posted by darkhorse_log