What is the artificial mineral "Trinitite" born by the first nuclear test of humanity?

"Trinitite"Was the first nuclear test carried out in the history of humanityTrinity experimentIt is an artificial mineral produced by the sand in desert, which is once melted once it is exposed to high temperature and solidified again. At the present time, the same kind of mineral produced by nuclear tests is also called trinitite, but a strange story about such artificial mineralsAtlas ObscuraIt is summarized.

The Long, Weird Half - Life of Trinitite - Atlas Obscura

A favorite item of Mr. Martin Pfeifer, an anthropologist who conducts research on nuclear weapons, seems to be a small rock received from a friend when trying to obtain a doctorate from New Mexico University. This rock is "Trinitite" which is a unique vitreous artificial mineral produced by nuclear bomb experiments. Mr. Pfey is pleased that he owns Trinitite, but at the same time he says "I am deeply hoping that Trinitite will never be generated twice."

Trinitite is a very simple substance geologically. When the Trinity experiment is the first nuclear test in New Mexico Horunada del Mueruto desert has been carried out in July 1945, the desert of sand into the air by the explosion soar, was liquefied melted at once. When it cooled down and hardened, most of it became a mass of ocean green colored glass, not sand. The mass of glass of this ocean green color, researchers have I heard was thinking the candidate named, such as "Atomaito" and "Aramogoto Glass" in the vicinity of the town that experiment has been carried out, and finally " Trinitite "is named.

From a cultural point of view Trinitite is one of the strange materials that mankind possess. Mr. Pfefer says, "Trinitite is a radioactive fallout, but we have given a cute name to it."

Mr. Pfeifer also introduces Trinitite on her Twitter account.

Immediately after the Trinity experiment, scientists sent tanks equipped with soil analysis equipment to check how big the explosion was, and conducted inspections using pressure gauges, gamma ray sensors, neutron detectors, and so on. Many of the things discovered in the desert are trinitites,TIME in September 1945"The hypocenter is like a green pond of 2400 feet (about 730 meters)." "The glass (trinitite) is a strange shape, seeming to be an imbalanced marble, about a quarter of an inch It was like a thin nub-shaped sheet, a thin foam wall, a green string-like sheet. "

After the Trinity experiment, the Air Force told the civilians that the overwhelming light and sound generated by nuclear tests is due to 'ammunition at a distance.' However, until the first press tour that took place eight weeks later, the atomic bomb will be dropped in two places, Hiroshima and Nagasaki, in the actual battle, not in the experiment. And since the atomic bomb was dropped, the US will stop hiding the existence of nuclear tests.

Pfeiffer said, "After the atomic bomb was dropped, the hypocenter was used for promotional purposes." After that, there have been reports from Japan about radiation-related deaths from atomic bombs, Secretary of State Robert Patterson stood at the explosion point and said, "There is no long-term radiation influence as pointed out by Japan "WhenLet me report on the mediais. Mr. Pfeiffer also said that "Trinitite was clearly related to the project to deny the assertion that" the impact of the atomic bomb is prolonged "from Japan."

Furthermore, as reported by TIME that reporters put glass in their pockets, some reporters and hosts of radio carried away the trinitite clumps from the experiment site. This is also seen as a performance for the US government to prove that "the impact of nuclear test radiation is not long-term", but scientist Robert B. Fontainebau, who engaged in nuclear tests, I am talking to the local newspaper.

However, Trinitite collected from the experiment site is then used for high fashion. In the fall of 1945, Mr. Mark Coven, a jewelry designer, used Trinitite for pierced earrings, hairpins, brooches, etc. Several celebrities including model Pat / Barrage are photographing photographs wearing Trinitite accessories.

Although the site where the explosion of the experiment site occurred was only opened for two days a year for the general public, Trinitite starts to decrease at a stretch from the experiment site. As Mr. Pfeiffer says, "It seems people have stepped into stealing and stealing", many trinitites seem to have been stolen from the experiment site. After that, in 1952 the American army buried Trinitite in the ground. In addition, it is now illegal for the laboratory to have signs, and it is illegal for tourists to take in Trinitites discovered locally in their pockets.

In addition, it is not illegal to buy and sell Trinitite that is currently circulated, it is said that it is actually sold on the Internet and part of a real shop.

The most interesting thing for Mr. Pfeiffer is that the museum still exhibits Trinitite. Indeed, at Bradbury Science Museum in Los Alamos there is an exhibit explaining what scientists have learned from bombs by analyzing trinitites. Trinitites are sold at gift shops at the National Nuclear Science Museum in Albuquerque.

in Science, Posted by logu_ii