Survivors of the new corona are at twice the risk of developing pulmonary embolism or respiratory illness
Some patients who develop a new coronavirus infection (COVID-19) complain of 'long COVID', which continues for a long time even after recovery. Studies examining patients who have developed and recovered from COVID-19 in the past have shown that such patients are at increased risk of developing pulmonary embolism, where blood clots and solids block the pulmonary arteries.
Post–COVID Conditions Among Adult COVID-19 Survivors Aged 18–64 and ≥65 Years — United States, March 2020–November 2021 | MMWR
Lara Otterson and colleagues at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) refer to electronic health record data for Americans over the age of 18 recorded between March 2020 and November 2021. We investigated the incidence of 26 diseases that are often caused by the sequelae of COVID-19 from 353,164 patients (case patients) who had been diagnosed with COVID-19 in the past, and developed COVID-19. We compared it with a control group (subjects) of 1,647,767 people who did not have any.
As a result, of all patients aged 18 years and older, 38% of case patients experienced complications, while only 16% of control patients. These accidents included signs and symptoms of the cardiovascular system, lungs, blood, kidneys, endocrine, digestive system, musculoskeletal system, nervous system, and mental system. Of these, acute pulmonary embolism and respiratory symptoms are the highest risk ratios, with 35.4% of cases occurring between the ages of 18 and 64 years, compared with 14.6% in the control group. In ages 65 and older, 45.4% of cases developed and 18.5% in the control group.
The absolute risk difference between case patients and target patients was 20.8 percentage points for 18-64 years and 26.9 percentage points for 65 years and older. 'From these results, one in five COVID-19 survivors aged 18 to 64 years and one in four survivors aged 65 and over are attributed to the aftereffects of COVID-19. It can be seen that they are experiencing possible symptoms. Implementation of COVID-19 precautions and assessment of sequelae in COVID-19 survivors will determine the incidence and impact of post-recovery disease, especially in people over the age of 65. It's very important to reduce it. '
'Sequelae that affect the nervous system are of particular concern as they lead to early entry into support services and additional resources for care,' said Otterson and colleagues. 'As the number of patients with COVID-19 increases, The number of survivors suffering from sequelae will also increase. Therefore, it is advisable to implement preventative measures for COVID-19 and to regularly assess the status of survivors of COVID-19, especially for adults aged 65 and over. It is important to reduce the incidence and impact of sequelae in the disease. Further research is needed to understand the pathophysiological mechanisms associated with increased risk of sequelae, such as age and pathology. '
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