Research Finds Computer Instructions Help Drivers Maintain Appropriate Distance

It is said that traffic congestion, which is a

source of trouble for automobile drivers, can be dramatically improved by maintaining an appropriate distance between vehicles in front and behind, but in reality, the distance between vehicles may be inadvertently reduced, or vice versa. It may open too much. A new research team at Vanderbilt University in the United States announced the results of a study that 'a system in which a computer installed in a car gives instructions to the driver is useful for maintaining an appropriate distance between vehicles.'

[2104.06264] CAN Coach: Vehicular Control through Human Cyber-Physical Systems

Technologies can help drivers maintain the two-second rule to improve road safety and traffic flow | News | Vanderbilt University

In addition to accidents and construction work, the causes of traffic congestion include the phenomenon that 'when the vehicle in front steps on unnecessary brakes, the following vehicle also brakes, and the vehicle behind also brakes in a chain reaction.' It has been pointed out. In many cases, the chain of brakes is caused by a human driver, so research has shown that 'just a few self-driving cars on the road reduce traffic congestion.'

A study that traffic congestion is reduced just by mixing several self-driving cars on the road --GIGAZINE

By gscruton

However, it is not possible to replace human drivers with autonomous driving right now, so it is important for human drivers to maintain adequate inter-vehicle distance for some time and not block traffic in unnecessary situations. Generally, the guideline for the distance between vehicles is the position 2 seconds away from the vehicle in front , and it is sometimes taught at driving schools as a '2-second rule'.

A research team at Vanderbilt University conducted an experiment to see if a 'system in which a computer in a car gives instructions' is effective in keeping the driver following the 2-second rule. First, the research team installed a device that acquires the relative speed and position with the vehicle in front from radar data, and provided a system that provides real-time feedback to the driver using the communication standard Controller Area Network (CAN) that connects each part of the vehicle. I built it.

The research team then measured how well the two-second rule could be followed with and without a feedback system for six subjects. As a result, it was confirmed that the group instructed by the computer reduced the mean time error by 73% and also reduced the standard deviation by 53% to improve consistency.

'This experiment suggests that drivers can accomplish complex driving tasks when given feedback from their cars,' said Daniel Work , an associate professor of civil and environmental engineering and computer science at Vanderbilt University. We are currently investigating how coached people can ultimately help improve overall traffic conditions. '

in Software,   Hardware,   Ride,   Science, Posted by log1h_ik