Claims that overweight and obesity are hormonal issues, not calorie issues

Overweight and obesity have become a social problem in Europe and the United States, and many people are trying to lose weight and improving their diet, but in recent years, skepticism has been raised about the standard diet 'calorie restriction'. I will. A science journalist who has been warning about low-fat diets for 20 years is interviewing why the effects of calorie restriction that recommends a 'low-fat diet' are being questioned.

Gary Taubes:'Obesity isn't a calorie problem, it's a hormone problem' | Obesity | The Guardian

Gary Taubes , a science journalist at the time of writing, who turned to medicine and nutrition after studying applied physics at Harvard University, has pointed out that fat has been misvalued over the last two decades. I did. Mr. Taubs pointed out that 'health problems are caused by the bad fat being made bad and the excessive consumption of carbohydrates and sugars', according to a research article of the scientific journal Science published in 2001. It all started when I was in charge of.

Taubs interviewed about 140 researchers and research facility managers during the survey, and is convincing about the low-fat diet, which has been considered a 'healthy diet' since the mid-1980s. No evidence was found. In an interview, one of the directors of the National Institutes of Health said, 'When we recommended a low-fat diet, we thought,'Because it's fat or dense, you'll lose weight anyway.' But people started taking carbohydrates instead of fat, and as a result they gained weight, 'said Taubs, who believes that the boom in low-fat diets triggered a high-fat diet and increased obesity. I will.

A widely believed idea in nutrition is that 'people gain weight because they consume more calories than they consume, so reducing the calories they consume will help them lose weight.' Taubs described this idea as 'biologically naive.' Obesity is not a calorie problem, but a result of hormonal deficiencies, and while limiting calories can help you lose weight in the short term, you will eventually lose weight due to hunger. ..

Taubs recommends a ketogenic diet that limits carbohydrate intake and believes it can be a solution to obesity and type 2 diabetes. The basis of this idea is that obesity is a hormonal problem, not a calorie problem, and Taubs says that limiting carbohydrates and minimizing

insulin secretion improves obesity and type 2 diabetes. It's a way of thinking.

However, many experts and doctors believe that the effects of a ketogenic diet are limited. In response, Taubs argued that after more than two years of experimentation , diabetics showed relief. It has been pointed out that this experiment was not a randomized clinical trial, but it has had a significant impact on the medical community, with one in ten Canadian female doctors practicing a low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet. Mr. Taubs said.

On the other hand, the idea that a ketogenic diet can help treat cancer is 'still a hypothesis and needs more clinical evidence,' Taubs said. Tumors consume blood sugar, so increased insulin has been shown to promote growth, and while a ketogenic diet that reduces insulin secretion may help treat cancer, it's still 'possible.' The idea is to stay in 'sex'. In addition, 262 clinical trials have been conducted on the effects of the ketogenic diet, from Alzheimer's disease to traumatic brain injury, and it is thought that future studies will show the effects on each disease.

And although there are criticisms that the limit of 'carbohydrate intake of less than 50 g per day' is too strict, Mr. Taubs does not deny such criticism, but 'a person who was actually born in a family with a lot of obesity and weighed 181.4 kg at the age of 18' He went on a ketogenic diet and lost 59kg in four months, but he's lean and standard, and he's happy with his diet. Some people don't think it's too strict, 'he explained. ..

Mr. Taubs is concerned about the 'vegan diet,' which has been attracting attention in recent years. 'Human should eat what humans have evolved to eat,' Taubs argued, arguing that humans have not evolved to eat only vegetable foods. It would be nice if people suffering from overweight or obesity tried a vegan diet and got healthy, but if they didn't feel healthy with a vegan diet, they should eat animal foods and try carbohydrate restriction. I advised.

in Junk Food, Posted by darkhorse_log