New region of Google Cloud expands into Saudi Arabia, some are concerned about environmental and political issues

The cloud computing service '

Google Cloud Platform (GCP) ' provided by Google has services all over the world, and at the time of writing the article, it has 24 regions in 17 countries. On December 21, 2020, Google Cloud announced that it will open new regions in Chile, Germany and Saudi Arabia.

Google Cloud announces new regions | Google Cloud Blog

Google's Aramco Deal Risks Irking Staff Over Oil, Politics --Bloomberg

Google Cloud is heading to Saudi Arabia despite environmental concerns | TechRadar

A region used in the cloud field is a term that refers to an independent area where a data center used for cloud services is installed, and a region can provide faster services in that area. In recent years, there has been a growing demand for domestic storage of user data, so it is important for cloud service providers to set up new regions in each country.

In a blog post posted on December 21, Google Cloud announced that it will add three new regions to Chile, Germany and Saudi Arabia. Each region contains Google's portfolio of key cloud products, reducing latency to users in neighboring regions and providing a more robust global network for multinational companies within the region. ..

In 2020, Google Cloud is actively expanding the region, and we are opening new regions in Jakarta, Indonesia, Las Vegas and Salt Lake City, USA, and Seoul, South Korea. It also announced plans to add regions to Doha, Qatar, Madrid, Spain, Milan, Italy, and Paris, France.

The most notable announcement of the new GCP is its expansion into Saudi Arabia. Google Cloud announced a memorandum of understanding in 2018 that it has signed a preliminary contract with Saudi Aramco , a state-owned oil company in Saudi Arabia, to consider establishing a cloud service in Saudi Arabia. Based on this memorandum, he explained that he signed a formal contract in December 2020.

Saudi Aramco explains that 'the domestic cloud service market will reach $ 30 billion (about 3 trillion yen) by 2030,' which is an important market for Google Cloud. However, the Saudi government is believed to have carried out the assassination of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi, who had been in exile in the United States , raising criticism of Saudi Arabia over human rights issues.

In the `` AI development principle' ' announced by Google in 2018, it is stated that AI will not be developed with `` technology with a purpose contrary to the principle of international law and human rights'', Bloomberg will deploy Google Cloud in Saudi Arabia Suggests that this principle may be violated. In response, a Google spokeswoman said Google Cloud will continue to follow the principles of AI development.

Former Google researcher Jack Poulson, who runs Tech Inquiry , a nonprofit organization at the time of writing, fears that Saudi Arabia's Google Cloud service could be used to monitor citizens and weaken freedom of expression. doing. To address these concerns, Poulson argued that Google Cloud needed some clarity about how the service would be used.

In addition, Google Cloud claims that it 'operates the cleanest cloud in the industry,' and says that it will deploy a data center in consideration of the environment. TechRadar, a tech media outlet, pointed out that the move of the environmentally friendly Google Cloud into fossil-fueled Saudi Arabia could disappoint some.

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