I searched for 'penguin's poop' from the satellite image and found an unidentified penguin colony
The largest emperor penguin currently alive, colonizes on the ice around Antarctica and breeds in a severe environment of tens of degrees below freezing. For this reason, it is difficult for humans to directly check colonies and measure the exact population, but we succeeded in finding 'unidentified emperor penguin colonies' that were unconfirmed so far, by looking for 'pouts of emperor penguins' from satellite images. It is reported that it did.
Discovery of new colonies by Sentinel2 reveals good and bad news for emperor penguins-Fretwell--Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation-Wiley Online Library
Scientists discover new penguin colonies from space-British Antarctic Survey
Poop stains visible from space reveal hidden colonies of Antarctic penguins | Live Science
Satellites Reveal Hidden Colonies of Emperor Penguins We Never Knew Existed
The Antarctic continent, inhabited by emperor penguins, is a harsh environment where the temperature drops to tens of degrees below freezing, in addition to being far from human settlements. Therefore, it is difficult to measure the population of emperor penguins, but the research team at the
The team analyzed the Antarctic images taken by the European Space Agency (ESA) Sentinel-2 in 2016, 2018, and 2019, looking for brown spots that show penguin poop. As a result, in addition to the three previously unreported but unidentified colonies, eight previously unidentified colonies were discovered.
The image below is a penguin poop found in a satellite photo. Penguins form colonies and stay there for long periods of time, resulting in a collection of poops that have been excreted for many years, turning brownish as can be seen in satellite images.
In some cases, the poo is spread over a relatively wide area...
In some cases, you can see only a tiny dot. Most of the discovered colonies were very small, so they decided to combine multiple images to confirm the existence of colonies.
It seems that there were 50 colonies of Emperor Penguins in Antarctica that were confirmed so far, and 11 newly discovered or rediscovered colonies have been added this time, making a total of 61 Emperor Penguin colonies in Antarctica. It was Most of the colonies discovered this time were small, so the number of individuals increased by up to 55,000, or 5% to 10%.
Most of the emperor penguins breed on ice fixed to the land, and the colony needs to be stable for about 9 months from the offspring to the fledgling. It seems that some of the colonies discovered this time were on the ice about 180 km from the shore, suggesting that there may be undiscovered colonies far offshore than the colonies previously discovered. That.
However, since the area far from the shore is warm, the research team points out that it is susceptible to the disappearance of sea ice due to global warming. According to a 2019 study, it is predicted that “the temperature of the penguin population will decrease by 31% in the next three generations only if the temperature rises by 1.5 degrees”, and the impact of global warming on the emperor penguin is serious.
'It's good news that new colonies have been found,' said Phil Trathan of the British Antarctic Observatory, but all newly discovered colonies have been suggested by recent models to 'decrease populations of emperor penguins.' It is in the area where it is located.” He added that the newly discovered colony is a ' coal canary ' and needs to be carefully monitored to see how climate change affects Antarctic colonies.