Pointed out that Gresham's law that 'bad money drives out good money' caused Lehman shock
Gresham's Law: The Bad Drives Out the Good As Time Passes
Gresham's law derives from the fact that Thomas Gresham, the 16th century King's financial adviser Thomas Gresham, advocated that 'the reason why good British money leaks to foreign countries is due to currency corruption.' This is economist Henry McLeod.
However, as the astronomer Nikolaus Copernicus had already mentioned in the 'Method of coining' in 1528, the Gresham's law was well-known as a rule of thumb before it was advocated by McLeod. It was.
Even in Japan, as a result of the Edo Shogunate, which was troubled by the decrease in the amount of gold mined, issued a bad Genroku oval , there were times when good quality Keicho oval did not appear, but this is also an example of Gresham's law. .
In modern times, when gold and silver coins are not used as money, Gresham's law seems like a law of the past that does not match the times. However, according to Farnam Street, Gresham's law is still alive today.
For example, a pharmaceutical company has two sales representatives. If the bribery crackdown mechanism isn't working, salespeople who bribe doctors and sell their products will succeed, but salespeople who don't bribe will be dismissed because of poor grades. Only fraudulent salespeople will have access. According to Gresham's law, this is a 'good example in which bad money drives out good money.'
A similar phenomenon occurred during the 2008 subprime mortgage crisis that caused the Lehman shock . Before the Lehman shock, subprime mortgages, which lent home loans to people with low credit at high interest rates, were popular. Subprime mortgages are a mechanism that can bring very high profits, and it is said that many financial institutions have started to lend loans to borrowers without any assessment.
The issues with subprime loans are detailed in the following articles:
What is the cause of rapid yen appreciation and worldwide stock depreciation, and what is the 'subprime problem'? -GIGAZINE
Unlike the financial institutions that spawn subprime loans, some financial institutions that properly check the borrower's repayment capacity were reluctant to subprime loans, and gradually became less respected by investors. Before the housing bubble burst, even if the borrower couldn't repay the loan, profits would have come out if the financial institution sold the house instead, so subprime loans were very strong, but when the housing bubble burst, financial institutions Will have enormous losses.
In this way, Lehman Brothers, a major US investment bank, went bankrupt and the situation developed into a global recession and economic crisis.
Farnam Street said, “Human selfish behavior, that is, if evil favors other behaviors, nature and evil will drive out good. The greatest reason why law is needed for human society. One of these is this Gresham's law. '
in Note, Posted by log1l_ks