Research reveals why adults think `` recent young people are not good ''


Renato Abati

It is not uncommon for upper generations to criticize younger generations as “recent young people ...”, but in fact there are also data that show that “ young people are more exemplary than their parent generations ” There is no evidence that the younger generation is inferior to the older generation. The University of California research team conducted an experiment on why adults thought that `` recent young people are not good '', and found that `` Psychological conditions that adults are likely to be inferior to the lower generation It is clear that there is an effect.

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John Protzko , a psychologist at the University of California, is said to have been criticizing youth for a long time, 'Human has complained about 'recent young people' for at least 2600 years.' It is. Protzko first conducted three experiments to investigate the phenomenon that the upper generation tends to criticize the younger generation.

In the first experiment, we surveyed 1824 Americans to see whether modern young people are polite or rude to older generations. In the second experiment, the question was asked whether the recent youth is smarter or not smarter than the older generation, and in the third experiment, the question was `` Does the recent youth prefer reading or dislikes reading? 'Was asked.

As a result, all three experiments revealed a tendency that “The more participants evaluate their characteristics, the lower they value young people”. In other words, those who think 'I respect the elders' think the young people are rude, those who think 'I am smart' think the young people are stupid, and 'I read books well' It seems that the results of the experiment revealed that people who believed that they tended to think that young people hate reading.

In fact, there are research results that `` there are no facts that young people are farther away from reading than the upper generation '', and the existence of `` Flying effect '' in which IQ rises as the generation becomes new is also pointed out . As such, Protzko said that participants did not value the youth generation in experiments, “participants are not taking up the objective truth”.



Protzko conducted two new experiments to investigate the bias that the older generation has on the youth generation. In the fourth experiment, we basically reproduced the third question that asked whether “young people like reading or do not like reading”, and in addition to “how much I enjoy reading now. I asked, “How much did you enjoy reading when you were a child?” And “How many of your surrounding children enjoyed reading when you were a child”.

Then, people who thought they were reading a lot of books and enjoying reading when they were younger than other participants said, “Many children enjoyed reading when they were children.” There was a tendency to answer. Protzko et al. Argue that this result is due to people “incorrectly remembering” their childhood. Participants who have liked reading since childhood are more likely to remember that their surrounding children were reading, and may be biased about the enjoyment of reading at that time That's right.

In the fifth experiment, the research team conducted a reading test on 1500 new participants and gave them feedback. However, the feedback of the test results was manipulated by the research team, and it was randomly said 'You were the top 15% of the whole' or 'You were the bottom 15% of the whole' regardless of the actual test results The result was conveyed. After that, when I asked the same question as in the fourth study, participants who were told that their reading ability was low had little prejudice that `` young people hate reading '' and were friends who liked reading when they were children It seems that there was a tendency that it was difficult to remember. In other words, it has been confirmed that the current evaluation of oneself affects the evaluation of the young generation and past memories.

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From the results of the five experiments, Protzko argues that “there are psychological and mental tricks that make each generation feel inferior to the next”. The research team named this psychological effect ' the kids these days effect '. “You reflect your current state in your own memories, so youth generation's 'decline' seems to be objective to us,” Protzko said. It was.

in Note,   Science, Posted by log1h_ik