Cats become acquainted with people who care about themselves
There are so many people who like cats, and there are many people who can be healed just by looking cute. Such cats have the image of 'not being very familiar with people' and 'running away when trying to set up', but the research team at Oregon State University revealed that cats also 'become people who care about themselves.' Did.
The quality of being sociable: The influence of human attentional state, population, and human familiarity on domestic cat sociability --ScienceDirect
If you think cats are antisocial, maybe it's you, scientists find --The Washington Post
Why are cats antisocial? It's actually down to you --Digital Journal
Kristyn R. Vitale, who studies animal behavior at Oregon State University, has long been studying cat behavior. Previous studies have investigated which of the 55 cats, including domestic and protected stray cats, are most interested in food, toys, and humans. As a result, Vitale discovered that cats prefer to play with humans over food and toys.
Therefore, Mr. Vitale said that people care about cats, this time for a total of 46 cats, 23 cats that are former stray cats and are currently protected by shelters and 23 cats that are kept by humans. I experimented to see if the cat's behavior would change when I put it on. The age of the cats is 2 to 16 years for domestic cats and 1 to 12 years for shelter cats, and it is said that 3 to 455 days have passed since the shelter cats were protected.
First of all, both shelter cats and domestic cats were put into the room with the 'first-time humans'. The person I met for the first time sat in a circle with a radius of about 1 m, stared at the floor, and kept ignoring the cat for two minutes. Humans stroked the cat only twice when it entered the circle, but they did not say words or stare at the cat, and even if there was a cat, they continued to pretend to be uninteresting. ..
Two minutes after starting to ignore, the first person to meet will talk to the cat or call his name and start trying to interact with the cat as long as it does not go out of the circle. I couldn't go out of the circle and chase after the cat, but I could stroke and pet when the cat came into the circle.
After that, only the domestic cats were placed in the same room with the 'owner', and 2 minutes of ignoring and 2 minutes of interaction time were repeated. The research team said that the degree of interest that the cat showed to humans was judged by factors such as how close the cat during the experiment was to humans and how often it screamed.
As a result of the experiment, the research team discovered the fact that 'when humans wanted to set up cats, cats showed more interest in humans and preferred contact.' According to the research team, this tendency was shown not only in domestic cats but also in former stray cats protected by shelters. 'In both groups, cats spend more time with people who care more about themselves than people who ignore them,' Vitale said.
'This study is very interesting,' said Mikel Delgado, a veterinary researcher at the University of California, who appreciates the method of experimentation, which gives cats a lot of freedom. .. 'In previous studies, it was possible that humans were forced into contact with cats even though they did not want them. However, in this experiment, humans could not get out of the circle, and cats. Was free to move away from humans, 'he praised the experimental method that gave cats the option.
In addition, as a result of the experiment, it was found that cats protected by shelters are more likely to be interested in humans who meet for the first time than domestic cats. Vitale points out that this result may reflect the living conditions of a former stray cat.