Ludwig Wittgenstein, one of the greatest philosophers of the 20th century, was a pictogram recommendation faction

byLidya Nada

In 1921 at the age of 32 "Logic Philosophy Discussion(Discussion)"announcedLudwig WittgensteinIs a person who insisted on the limits of language and its philosophy is also in the fields of computer science, artificial intelligence, cognitive scienceIt is affecting. Wittgenstein, one of the greatest philosophers in the 20th century, emphasized the importance of emoticons before computer communication was born.

Philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein invented the emoji - Quartz

Wittgenstein, who became professor of philosophy at the University of Cambridge in 1939, has a simple face such as "a face with a close smile on her eyes closed", "a face with one eyebrow raised", "an open eyes smile" With regard to its role, it is possible to express things such as "caring shop" and "majesty." By using a face, it is possible to describe various things more flexibly than using adjectives "It explains. Wittgenstein 's opinion is that the emotional experience when listening to the work of Schubert is easier to express who has sketched the human face than using the word "gloomy".

byÖsterreichische Nationalbibliothek

According to Professor Paul Hawwick, a philosopher at New York University, Wittgenstein 's argument as described above is not mere chat, it says it is widely compatible with Wittgenstein' s philosophy.

Wittgenstein emphasized the impact of pictorial communication rather than linguistic communication, especially in early studies. Wittgenstein believed that since we human beings use words to explain the reality to ourselves, our reality is created through the words. In other words, if communication using a pictorial method is taken, we will be able to express reality not only in words but also in pictures. Drawing a face was recognized as communication which is not linguistic.

Wittgenstein drew a circle and some lines in a university lesson held between 1934 and 1935 and said, "We do not regard these as just a dash, but a certain" can not describe accurately in words " I regard it as an expression. " Besides this, maps, architectural designs, graphic paintings, models, etc. were mentioned as examples of "pictorial expression methods".


Professor Christophe Nyri at the University of Pecs said Wittgenstein says, "In words, there are things that can be conveyed by showing pictures, our communication system is incomplete without picture elements It suggested that it was suggested.

On the other hand, as a big difference between pictograms used in smartphones in recent years and Wittgenstein's pictograms, the question is whether or not "standardized emoticons" are used. What was supposed by Wittgenstein was communication in a way that each person draws a picture to convey the meaning. Professor Niele says that unless you draw your face yourself, diversity and flexibility can not be obtained.

Today's pictograms differ from those imagined by Wittgenstein, but looking at the spread of emoticons today, it seems that Wittgenstein 's claim that there was no mistake in emphasizing pictorial communication.

byian dooley

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