Why "philosophy" becomes important in science education


byCaleb Woods

While "science" is academic based on facts, philosophy is sometimes neglected in the field of science education as "philosophy" is an academic discipline related to human thought. However, philosophy is not concerned with science, but philosophy is involved in the fundamental of science, at the University of New HampshireScience philosophyAssociate professor Subrena E Smith teaching the importance of philosophy in science education.

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Associate professor Smith said that he often sees how students are disrespectful of philosophy. In fact, some scientists have stated that "Philosophy is not related to science", and Smith who has three backgrounds of "women", "family of Jamaica" and "philosopher" "What kind of school did you leave?" "You are a scientist?" Also, Mr. Smith says that professors of scientific philosophy such as white men, whiskers and elderly, which are closer to the philosopher's stereotypes, are suspected of thinking about science.

Many of the students who attend Smith's class say "Philosophy thinks about people's" opinion ", but science shows evidence, makes new discoveries and spreads objective facts." "Scientists ask philosophical questions I answer, but philosophers do not have answers to scientific questions. " But Smith explains four reasons as philosophy is not at the opposite of science but as being at the center of science.

One is that students think that the classification of academics is absolute in order not to have historical knowledge. Even what is currently labeled "science", there are many things that were not previously considered as "science". The representative one is physics that was once classified as "natural philosophy". Music was also treated as mathematics in the past. Some people treat science as an absolute thing, but in fact the things that are included in the scope of science are reduced or increased depending on the times, places and cultural backgrounds.

Also, unlike science that results in visible form such as genetically modified foods, pain relief and vaccines, philosophy is invisible is one reason why students have doubts. However,"CassiniWhat made it possibleAlbert EinsteinIt is a philosophical thinking experiment of philosophy, and as a foundation of computer science that generated smartphone and notebook PCAristotle logicThere are many tangible assets of philosophy, "Smith said. Despite its invisible form, philosophy is quietly working in the context of science.

byNASA

Also, although science is sometimes claimed to be objective, we all have bias (bias) in how things look, including those who conduct scientific research. And biasing creates creative scientific research. In order to explain that "pure objectivity" is impossible, Mr. Smith tells the students "to observe without making assumptions and assumptions and have them explain what they saw" . In this experiment, students will notice that they can not tell their experiences without assumptions.

And Smith believes that the science touched by the students is "science taught as facts" is also a cause that science is believed to be based on unshakable facts. However, since human thought is involved in the selection of "what to teach as science", and even though an event is treated as more important than other events, "factual science" is based on human assumption · It can be said that it is greatly influenced by the forecast.

byGiammarco Boscaro

In order to master science it is necessary to acquire huge amount of knowledge and students need to work on tasks in a limited time. Among them, philosophical science is subject to a headwind and tends to be postponed. However, as you can see from the above explanation, "philosophy" is always laying the foundation of science at the root of science, and philosophical thinking on useful conceptual, interpretive, methodological and moral issues of science is useful I explain.

in Science, Posted by logq_fa