WHO reports that ``non-sugar'', ``zero calorie'', and ``artificial sweetener'' are not useful for weight loss and increase diabetes risk

There are many foods that use artificial sweeteners that claim to be 'sugar-free' or 'zero-calorie,' and are gaining popularity among people who are concerned about excess calories. However, according to guidelines released by the World Health Organization (WHO) on May 15, 2023, the use of artificial sweeteners not only has no long-term effect on weight loss, but also increases the risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease. was shown.

Use of non-sugar sweeteners: WHO guidelines


WHO advises not to use non-sugar sweeteners for weight control in newly released guideline

Many artificial sweeteners are lower in calories than sugar, and some have 0 kcal per gram. For this reason, there are many foods that claim to be ``low calorie'' or ``zero calorie'' by using artificial sweeteners, and are gaining popularity from people who are concerned about excess calories. In order to clarify the relationship between artificial sweeteners and weight loss, WHO has comprehensively compiled 283 research results targeting artificial sweeteners such as ``acesulfame K'', ``aspartame'', ``saccharin'', ``sucralose'', and ``stevia''. Analyzed.

As a result of analyzing the results of a huge amount of research on artificial sweeteners and weight loss, it was found that ``short-term experiments within 3 months'' showed the effect of reducing the subject's weight, BMI, and calorie intake. On the other hand, it became clear that the `` long-term experiment of 6 to 18 months '' did not show the effect of reducing weight.

Long-term follow-up studies of up to 30 years were also summarized, and long-term intake of 'foods containing artificial sweeteners' increased the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 23%, and 'table salt-like foods' Long-term consumption of 'artificial sweeteners that consumers sprinkle on food afterward' was found to increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 34%. In addition, long-term consumption of artificial sweeteners has been shown to increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease by 32%.

Based on the above analysis results, WHO claims that ``the use of artificial sweeteners for weight management and prevention of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is not recommended''. 'Replacing sugar with artificial sweeteners will not help you lose weight in the long term,' said Francesco Branca, director of the WHO's Division of Nutrition and Food Safety. Instead of ingesting , we need to consider methods such as 'eating fruits' and 'eating foods that do not contain sugar or artificial sweeteners'.' 'Artificial sweeteners do not contain nutrients and are not essential foods. People should reduce 'dietary sweets' early in life to promote good health.'

In addition, WHO has released a PDF file of the guidelines for free, and anyone can download it from the 'Download' button on the public page .

in Science,   Junk Food, Posted by log1o_hf