Women like to work with people, men like to work with things
As a result of analyzing the results of questionnaires of people working in 42 countries around the world, it was confirmed that women tend to prefer jobs and activities that involve contact with people more than men, and men tend to prefer jobs that handle things more than women. rice field. It also turns out that women like jobs that involve working with ideas and jobs with prestige.
Are Gender Differences in Vocational Interests Universal?: Moderating Effects of Cultural Dimensions | SpringerLink
Women like working with people, men like working with things, all across the world
Studies have been published to show that women are more social than men, and that men are more likely to like machines and vehicles than women, but most of them are in one country. it was done. There are some cross-border studies, but those studies tend to appear to show greater gender disparities in richer countries with greater gender equality. This has long been a mystery to researchers, dubbed the “gender equality paradox ”.
gender inequality index created by the United Nations Development Program and differences in culture and national character. We analyzed the relationship with the cultural background of each country using the quantified Hofstead index .
In order to explore the reality of the paradox of gender equality, the research team of Arizona State University psychologist Chun Tao et al. We analyzed data from an online survey conducted by Time. The data included the results of occupational attitude surveys answered by 84,393 people living in 193 countries and territories.
The research team first extracted data from countries where at least 30 men and women responded. As a result, 70,908 responses from 42 countries were left. Next, the research team classified and scored work interests into people, things, ideas, data, and fame, and then evaluated the
As a result, the most noticeable difference between men and women was still the difference between 'women like to work with people' and 'men like to work with things'. . The trend varied by country, with Georgia having the smallest difference and Venezuela having the largest.
In addition, in all countries except Finland and Poland, it turns out that 'women prefer work with ideas rather than data' compared to men. Among the items analyzed, prestige had the smallest difference between men and women, and although women generally tended to be more interested in jobs with prestige than men, there was a tendency for women to be more interested in jobs with prestige than men. It did not apply to the eight countries of South Korea and Singapore.
In the context of gender inequality, ``women were less likely to prefer working with people than with goods in countries with gender inequality,'' the researchers report. However, when cultural aspects are taken into account, this difference has disappeared.
The element of “uncertainty avoidance” had a greater impact than gender inequality. This is the degree to which members of a culture dislike new or unfamiliar things. In countries with cultures that have strong characteristics of uncertainty avoidance, differences in tendencies between men and women toward people and things arose.
The study has some limitations, including inadequate sample sizes in some countries and respondents being more educated and wealthier than the average for their country. ``The findings of this study will provide important practical suggestions for career counseling professionals,'' the research team said.
in Science, Posted by log1l_ks