It becomes like this when comparing the symptoms and preventive measures of the new coronavirus and influenza

The risk of the

new coronavirus, in which the number of infected people has increased rapidly in January 2020, is reported, while the seasonal flu that causes hundreds of thousands of deaths every year is more dangerous There is also. As a matter of fact, Rachel Retner of the science news site Live Science summarizes the symptoms and the difference in preventive measures when infected with the two viruses from the knowledge acquired so far.

How does the new coronavirus compare with the flu? | Live Science

First of all, focusing on the symptoms, the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) and seasonal influenza are common in that they cause respiratory diseases.

In the case of influenza, fever, cough, sore throat, myalgia, headache, nasal congestion, fatigue, vomiting ( Oto ) Symptoms such as diarrhea appear, and it recovers in about 2 weeks. Some people have complications such as pneumonia. It is said that about 1% of patients get more serious as they are hospitalized.

For 2019-nCoV, common symptoms are fever, cough, and shortness of breath. About 5% of patients have sore throat and runny nose, and about 1-2% have diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. According to data from the World Health Organization, about 14% are severe. It seems that it is very difficult to distinguish it from a virus that causes respiratory diseases only by symptoms.

The mortality rate is about 0.05% for influenza and about 2% for 2019-nCoV. However, regarding 2019-nCoV, it has been pointed out that only severe cases were collected in the early stage of infection spread, and the values were highly biased, and if mild cases were identified, the mortality rate would decrease a little more. ..

The 'basic reproduction number (R0)', which indicates how easily the virus spreads, is about 1.3 for influenza and about 2.2 for 2019-nCoV. For 2019-nCoV, about 2.2 people per infected person. It means that the virus has spread to. However, this number is not a constant, but will fluctuate depending on the location due to the influence of efforts to suppress diffusion.

by Michael Amadeus

In terms of precautions, influenza has a vaccine, while 2019-nCoV does not yet have one. For the 2019-nCoV vaccine, Phase 1 of the clinical trial is set to begin within the next three months.

Although the two viruses have similar parts and very different parts, there is a common preventive measure in terms of spreading prevention, 'Hand washing with soap for at least 20 seconds.' Do not touch the eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands.

in Science, Posted by logc_nt