List of prices in medieval Europe


Marc Wieland

A list of medieval prices is published by Kevin Lodi, an honorary lecturer in the medieval research program at the University of California, Davis .

Medieval Price List

Each currency in the Middle Ages is calculated at the following rates. In addition, since the monetary value of the Middle Ages is completely different from the present day, the conversion rate into the Japanese yen is unknown.

1 pound (L) = 20 shillings (s)
1 shilling = 12p (d)
1 penny (single form of pence) = 4 fading
1 mark = 13 shillings and 4 pence

As for the price list, “The price list can be misleading to the feudal economy, because in the Middle Ages so many things were produced in the household or supplied by the lord. was the vassals and servants to serve in such and aristocrats, as well as get a Kyukin, food and shelter, we sometimes ask them to provide weapons, cloth and the like. it is the Knights Templar thing if also, to be provided `` It will be clothes, horses, armor, etc. '', and it is only a summary of the prices of what is recorded, but people at that time were exchanging everything at that price I am not saying that.

◆ Wages
-Daily salary of mercenaries (1316)
Banaret Knight : 4 Shillings
Knight: 2 Shilling
Soldier / knight follower: 1 shilling

Regular salary daily (1346)
Esquire Policeman: 1 Shilling
Bow Cavalry, Armored Infantry, Light Cavalry , Infantry Chief: 6p
Welsh Infantry Chief: 4p
Archer: 4p
Welsh Infantry: 2p

・ Regular soldier's daily salary (late 16th century)
Captain: 8 Shillings
Aide (Deputy): 4 Shillings
Gunner: 2 Shillings
Drummer Trumpeter: 20p
Cavalry: 18p
Infantry: 8p



・ Other occupations
Worker: Annual income up to £ 2 (1300)
Monarch (at rest): Annual income of £ 30,000 (1300)
Baron: Annual income 200-500 pounds (1300)
Earl: 400-11,000 pounds (1300)
Top lawyer: £ 300 a year (1455)
Head of armor shop: Monthly salary 26 shilling 8p (1544)
Armor store employee: 24 shillings per month (1544)
Armor store apprentice: 6p per day (1544)
Skilled mason: 4 pence per day (1351)
Skilled carpenter: 3p per day (1351)
Carpenter Guild Sick Staff: 14pence Weekly (1333)
Weaver: 5p per day (1407)
Priest: Salary 4 pounds 13 Shilling 4p (1379)
Follower: 13 shillings, 4 pence, 1 pound (14th century)
Wagoner, luggage carrier, falconer, horseman, messenger: annual salary 5 shillings to 8 shillings 8 pence (14th century)
Employee: Annual income 2-4 shillings (14th century)
Waiting: 1-6 shillings (14th century)
London Bridge Watcher: 10 pounds a year (1382)


Gui Avelar

◆ Horse
War Horse: Up to 50 Shillings (around 12th century?)
War horse: up to 80 pounds (13th century)
Two Knight Horses: 10 pounds (1374)
High-grade passenger horse: 10 pounds (13th century)
Wagon horse: 10-20 shillings (13th century)

The price of horses seems to have changed dramatically from the 13th to the 14th century.

by Annie Spratt

◆ Food and livestock
The best wines of the Gascony region: 4p per gallon (1331)
The best wines of the Rhine region: 8 pence per gallon (1331)
Inexpensive wine: 3-4p per gallon (late 13th century)
Best wine: 8-10p per gallon (late 13th century)
Yale (High): 1.5 pence per gallon (14th century)
Yale (Medium): 1 pence per gallon (14th century)
Yale (Low): 0.75 pence per gallon (14th century)
First class ale: 1-1.25p per gallon (1320-1420)
Second-class ale: 0.75 to 1 pence per gallon (1320 to 1420)
Somerset Best Ale: 0.75 pence per gallon (1338)
London's best ale: 1.25p per gallon (1338)
Beer: 1 pence per quart (late 16th century)
Dried fruits (raisins, dates, etc.): 1-4 pence per pound (around the 14th century?)
Spices (cinnamon, glove, mace, pepper, sugar, etc.): 1-3 shillings per pound
Pepper: 4 shillings per pound (mid 13th century)
Pepper: 12 pence per pound (1279, 1280)
Saffron: 12-15 shilling per pound (around the 14th century?)
Good quality cattle: 10 shillings (around the 12th century?)
Cattle: 9 shillings and 5 pence (mid 14th century)
Cattle: 6 shillings (1285-1290)
Bull: 13 shilling 1.25p (mid 14th century)
Sheep: 1 shilling 5p (mid 14th century)
Somerset castrated ram: 9-10p (1338)
A castrated ram in London: 1 shilling 5p (1338)
Somerset pigs: 2 shillings (1338)
London Pig: 3 Shillings (1338)
Poultry: 1p (1338)
2 chickens: 1 pence (14th century)
2 dozen eggs: 1 pence (14th century)
Goose: 6p (1375)
80 lbs of cheese: 3 shillings and 4 pence (late 13th century)
Salted herring: 5-10p (1382)
Salted fish: 6p (1422, 1423)
Somerset oats: 1 quarter 1 shilling (1338)
London oats: 1 quarter, 2 shillings, 2 pence (1338)

by Eugene Zhyvchik

Annual food cost for knight or merchant households: £ 30-60 (max £ 100) (15th century)

◆ Books / Education
Abbey School: £ 2 per year (1392, 1393)
University: £ 2-10 a year tuition (late 14th century)
Fencing instruction: 10 shillings per month (late 16th century)
Seven books: £ 5 (1479)
126 books: 113 lbs (1379)
Book rental: 0.5 to 1 pence per pessia (mid 13th century)
* 1 Pecia = 16 columns, 62 lines, 32 characters, 31,744 characters, or about 7500-8000 words


Jaredd Craig

◆ Building (annual rent)
138 stores in London Bridge: 160 pounds, 4 shillings (1365)
Three stores in London: £ 200 (1365–1375)
Cottage: 5 shillings (around the 14th century?)
Artisan house: 20 shillings (around the 14th century?)
Merchant's house: 2-3 pounds (around the 14th century?)
Cottage (2 stories and 1 barn): 2 pounds (early 14th century)
Completed York tenement: up to 5 pounds (early 14th century)
House with courtyard: over 90 pounds (early 14th century)
Goldsmith Hall: 136 lbs (1365)
Large tiled barn: 83 pounds (1309, 1310)



◆ Clothes
Fashionable gown: 10-50 pounds (late 14th century)
Men's shoes: 4p (1470s)
Gentleman boots: 6p (1470s)
Men's wallet: 1.5p (1470s)
Men's hat: 10p (1470s)
Linen shoes for wealthy farmers: 8p (1313)
Shoes for wealthy farmers: 6p (1313)
Wool clothes for wealthy farmers: 3 shillings (1313)
Fur clothing for wealthy farmers: 6 shillings and 8 pence (early 14th century)
Tunic for wealthy farmers: 3 shillings (early 14th century)
Linen for wealthy farmers: 1 shilling (early 14th century)
Tunics worn by farmers without land: 1-6p
Tunic cloth worn by farmers: 8 pence to 1 shilling 3 pence per yard (early 14th century)
High quality wool: 5 shillings per yard
Silk: 10-12 shillings per yard


Bianca Berg

◆ Armor
Armor: 100 shillings (around the 12th century?)
Milan armor: 8 pounds 6 shillings 8 pence (1441)
Servant armor: 5, 6 pounds 16 shilling 8 pence (1441)
Prince of Wales Armor: £ 340 (1614)
Lance Armor: 3lb 6shilling 8p (1590)
Corset: 30 shillings (1590)
Armor for merchants (leather?): 5 shillings (1285-1290)
Full body armor owned by a knight: 16 pounds, 6 shillings, 8 pence (1374)

by Slejven Djurakovic

in Note, Posted by logu_ii