15 people, including children, were brutally slaughtered, but a carefully and carefully buried burial site is found.
An ancient burial site was discovered in which 15 and 4 families, including children, were burial in a very polite manner, even though their heads were beaten and killed. At this burial site, the bodies were not random, but were placed based on family relationships such as 'mother next to the child' and 'brothers next to each other'.
Unraveling ancestry, kinship, and violence in a Late Neolithic mass grave | PNAS
15 People Were Brutally Murdered 5,000 Years Ago, But the Bodies Were Buried with Care
In 2011, a late Neolithic burial site was discovered during the construction of a sewer in Košice, southern Poland. According to an investigation by archaeologist Niels Norkea Johansen of Aarhus University in Denmark, the 15 people buried in the burial site were slaughtered and slaughtered 5,000 years ago. Turned out.
belong to the globular amphora culture , with one male and four females, so it is thought that it was a culture in which females came to marry from the neighborhood in the male community.
This is not the first time a burial site has been found filled with slaughtered people. In Halberstadt, Germany, nine people who were slaughtered 7,000 years ago have been buried, and in Kirian Stetten, 26 people have been found to have a 'death hole' buried after the slaughter. On the other hand, what is unique about the newly investigated burial site is that it was buried very carefully, even though people were brutally killed.
According to Johansen, at the burial site in Kosice, 'children are laid next to their parents, siblings are next to each other, and elders are near the center.' According to Johansen's research on the family lineage, the buried people consisted of four nuclear families, and the four families were closely related. In addition, as a result of genetic analysis, people
It's unclear who killed the four families, but researchers believe they're not at all strangers. “It takes a lot of effort to do such a burial. The people who buried them were familiar with their families,” said Johansen. It is possible that the bodies were buried together rather than separately because they were in a hurry, but the bodies were still laid down on a relationship basis, and tombstones such as amphora and ornaments were buried together. In addition, since the burial site did not include the person who was the father, it is possible that the family was killed when the father was absent.
In the latter half of the new century, European culture was greatly transformed by the presence of groups moving east from the steppe zone. It's a terrible slaughter, but researchers say it's no wonder that such a slaughter occurs during times of turmoil with frequent territorial clashes.
Archaeologist Christian Mayer , who did not participate in the study, pointed out that there is also a 4600-year-old burial site where the family was carefully buried based on relationships in the place of Eulau, Germany. The two burials are very similar. Mayer said the burial site was one piece of evidence that fatal violence often occurred in the late Neolithic period.
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