How is first grade wine made in authentic Bordeaux? I saw the scene report
France has a wine rating system, ranking from 1st to 5th depending on importance. Of course, the taste of wine is not determined by rating alone, but how is the first-class wine made in France · Bordeaux, the world's most famous wine producing area? So, I have seen a real winery called "Chateau".
Made around the center of Bordeaux, southeast of FranceBordeaux wineIs famous worldwide for its high quality, but the city itself of Bordeaux itself is a urban-like atmosphere with the following feeling. There are trams running in the city, and no fields or farmers are found.
In order to go to the chateau it is necessary to move to a place about 30 minutes to 1 hour away by bus. In order to drink alcohol, this time it is not a car or a bicycleChateau tour visited by Bordeaux tourismParticipate in. There is a plan and a half-day plan to spend a day, with an English interpreter I chose a half day plan of 38 euro per adult (about 5200 yen), so the first time is the aggregate time at 13:30 a city tourist · I will head to the office.
When I handed out a voucher (reserved ticket) printed when I made a reservation via the Internet, I received the following ticket.
Since I was told that my older sister of Bordeaux tourism was "on a white bus", I was lined up in the waiting queue of the bus in front of the office ......
Ride safely. It was a couple and a couple tour, but it is a triumphant participation.
In the bus I received the following brochure.
When I spread the brochure, a map was on it. Bordeaux wines are divided into five districts from the upper left, from the upper left to Medoc (purple) · Grave (Orange), Sauternes (yellow), Entre du Mer (green), Libourne (pink) and Boolean (light blue) , Wine making is made taking advantage of each land.
The chateau visited by the tour of Bordeaux Tourism is a daily change, but this time we are heading for the chateau in the Sauternes region and the Graves district. Sauternes district is made from grapes for white wineNoble wineIn the 1855 Paris World Exposition, Emperor Napoleon III ranked Bordeaux wine, but the precious wine made in "Château de Reine Vigne" to visit is the It boasts a high quality that is ranked as "first grade." Moreover, in the Grave district, there are many soil fields containing well-drained gravel, somewhat lighter, many wines with easy tasteIt is said. It is ranked in France as a top category by wine lawAPELACION · DRIZINE CONTROLThere is a quality assurance called "AOC", but both are AOC wines.
The Sauternes district is about 1 hour by bus from the city of Bordeaux, while the bus guide explains Bordeaux wine while traveling. "Burgundy wines are made from a single varieties of grapes, but Bordeaux wines are mixed with grapes of several varieties and taste complicated.In addition, recently light wine tasting wines are popular, but wine of a single varieties Heavy taste, mixed people taste the taste is light and liked ... "While listening to the bad mouth of a little Burgundy wine and running on a vehicle exclusive road ......
The green gradually grew, and the vineyards also became visible. Japanese grape hunting is an image that cuts overhead grapes, but Bordeaux grapes looks pretty small.
While running along the vineyard for a while ... ...
The gate is now visible. There is a sign called "CHATEAU DE RAYNE VIGNEAU" (Chateau de Leine and Vigneau).
The state of the vineyard which spreads no matter how far it is can be seen from the following movie.
Vineyard spread across the mainland of Bordeaux - YouTube
When I got off the bus, it was a vineyard on one side. Since Château de Reine Vigneau is on the top of the hill, I enjoyed the state of the beautifully expanding vineyards. The vineyard underneath the hill is also of a different chateau and even if the field is next to it, the Chateau de Leine and Vignyo is the first grade, the field under the hill is the second grade, and so on And that.
Grape trees are planted straight at regular intervals.
I felt as if I was looking at it from the bus "I thought about the height of the waist?", But when I looked down, the grape tree was roughly the height of a woman.
The size of the leaves is about the same as the palm. As it is not at the harvesting season, it has not been realized yet.
The trunk looks like this.
Explanation of wine made by Château de Leine · Vigneau will be carried out by women who are officials of the chateau. The precious wine is a very sweet white wine, but it is characterized by being made under special climatic conditions different from ordinary wine. The river called Garonne River is flowing near the chateau, but due to the climate of Bordeaux and the existence of a river, Soltann produces fog at night. The fog causes the germs to propagate the noble germs, while on the other hand, when the day comes, the cycle is completed by evaporating the moisture, so the grapes will eventually condense the fruit juice and stay on the tress like a dried grape It will change. This is a raw material for precious wine.
Also, if you look closely, you notice that roses are planted next to the vines.
This is not done for the beauty of the landscape but to make it easier to notice the anomalies of the field by planting roses. Pests and other grape rice fragrant earlier than grapes, so when abnormality occurs in the field, you can understand immediately if you look at roses.
There were places in the field working with huge machines.
When I saw a field, I went into the building.
The first thing I found in the room is a device that crushes grapes. Of course, this is something that was used in the past and now it seems to be more mechanized. The astringent comes out when the grapes are oversized, so it was pointed that how to squeeze the fruit juice without giving out any astringency.
Also, I actually showed pictures of the fruits of the grapes at the harvest stage. There are many fruits of various states such as green grapes, purple grapes, grapes whitened with wrinkles, etc. in one tress. The harvesting period of grapes used for precious wine is long from 9 to November, but this is because the harvesting period differs depending on the fact even in one tassel. The moisture is reduced to about 60%, and the fruit which became whitened by the wrinkle is the fruit to be harvested and it is picked by the machine. The rest is picked up at another time.
Go through the red door and go back to the room.
Get off the stairs and move to the underground space.
Go through the door further ......
Spectacle of the masterpiece where barrel of wine spreads on one side. I felt the smell of cool air and alcohol at the moment I entered the room, but this was not "scent of wine" but just "alcohol scent".
The grape juice can be fermented with natural yeast, but because the fermentation stops at 35 to 40 degrees, the fermentation stopped wine is aged in a barrel for several months to several years.
The stamp in the barrel is the shipping destination manufacturer, the letter ML is medium burning condition of the barrel, and the fact that it is aged since 2010 is written. The arrow and the number above it indicate that it is the same type from where in the barrel of a barrel to what kind.
This is about the size compared with people.
There is a stopper at the top of the barrel.
In the corner of the room there is a machine to wash the barrels ......
Next to that there were barrels that seemed to be cleaned lining up with the slurry.
I went further and saw the barrel over time.
To the tasting time.
To a glass that was lined up in a row "Madame de Rayne"2009 white wine will be poured.
We enjoy tasting while we are having fun of it.
When I tried drinking it was sweetness like juice that I thought that I was putting in sugar with a slender mouthfeel. Of course sugar was not added and the rich aroma and alcoholity of grapes are undeniable wines, but it is very easy to drink and it seemed to be a dessert.
When I finished visiting the first chateau, I will move to the second chateau. This time to the place called Cavanak · E · Villa Gran in the Grab district. We arrived at the winery called Chateau Plantat (Chateau Plant) over 30 minutes by bus from the Sauternes area.
Atmosphere that it is smaller than Chateau de Réeneu Vignou, atmosphere like a private house.
Try inside ... ...
A wooden box is piled up.
Bottles are crammed in inside.
There are also machines for making labels, and it looks like 1 to 10 are taking place in the winery.
Huge tanks shining in silver are lined in rows. Fermentation work will be carried out in this tank.
The following machine was placed next to the tank. White wine and red wine are made in different ways, red wine is squeezed after fermentation work, white wine is the opposite, fermentation work is done after squeezing. This machine is for squeezing white wine.
As we go further to the back of the room ......
A room with lots of shelves. Even in the room for the same ripening, the Chateau plant is smaller in scale and has an atmosphere of at home.
At last there was also a tasting time. The wine of the Chateau plant is affordable between 8 and 12 euros (about 1100 yen to 1800 yen), so some people have purchased as souvenirs.
In addition, a lot of tractors etc are lined up outside ... ...
There was also a pool whether the neighbor was to let people live as it was. Plant tours of Japanese wine and sake are mostly "factories" in many places, but there are plenty of home-made feelings in Bordeaux's chateau, and enjoying a delicious wine, we enjoyed the atmosphere at home .