What is the state of the lives of people who have changed completely by acquiring the machine "clock" that ticks in time?
It is a fact that everyone has no doubt that a day is 24 hours, many people, and society is built on that mechanism. Supporting such a society is the existence of "watch", and it can be said that life is not established without clock. In the old days, what kind of change did the human beings who knew the time with the shadow made by the sun got by the machine's accurate time concept?
A Briefer History of Time: How technology changes us in unexpected ways - YouTube
Many people act exactly according to a timephone clock which is exactly like "happen at 6:45, get on a train at 7:30 and start work at 9 o'clock" every day.
But what kind of life did it have before such precise "time" was engraved?
It is a little rough if I say "I wake up with the sun, eat meal if my belly decreases, and go to bed when it gets dark", but human beings have not had a precise time measurement method as in modern times.
The concept of such time will have a big turning point in 1657.
In 1657, the year when coffee was first introduced to Paris ... ...
The year when chocolate began to be eaten in London for the first time.
And this year, Dutch scientistsChristian HuygensCompleted the first "pendulum clock" using the "pendulum" and invented a clock that ticks out more precisely than ever before.
The spring that wound this iron board in a spiral shape and things like the wheel attached to it were the things that made the pendulum clock more precise.
This spring is called "hairspring" and a British scientistRobert HookWhat I was studying. Huygens found the feature common to the movement of the hairspring and the movement of the pendulum, and completed the pocket watch using the balance spring in 1675. This watch is said to be "the world's first practical mechanical watch".
Attach the wheels to the balance spring and apply force ......
Wheel will now be moving back and forth. Mechanical watches use this accurate movement to tick the time. This wheel is called "tempo" and is a very important part that can be said as the heart of a mechanical watch.
By combining large and small gears with this balance, humanity got the first time to mechanically measure time.
Until then, humankind realized that we could accurately measure the time that we could only know roughly with sun watches, hourglasses, clocks etc.
This "awareness" has a big influence on the development of science afterwards. Human beings who thought "If time can be measured, we can measure other things", we will take scientific methods of measurement and observation.
As a result, something like a computer was invented ... ...
A cuckoo clock with a complicated mechanism was born ... ....
Piano is also one of the machines that precise technology enabled.
It was also during this time that a reflective telescope was developed.
The size of the watch has been reduced in size from the pendulum clock to the pocket watch, so a great merit is born.
It means that it was easy to sail aboard a ship. Navigation is the state-of-the-art science at the time, from which various technologies and knowledge are created.
As a result of the development of such science, mankind has finally reached the universe from the ground.
Science that began with the clock later created computers, created networks, created mobile phones and smartphones and changed our lives to the present form. It is not an exaggeration to say that they all started with this "hairspring and tempo".
And another interesting change started from the same year in 1657.
Mankind who knew that the time can be divided finely by the combination of gears thought that "If time can be divided, other objects can be divided".
In order to divide the time accurately, some sort of visible scale is required. The invention of the clock made it "mechanized" by expressing time as the number of gears, and until then it made it possible to replace the abstract concept of time with objective ones.
And that mechanization will also change how we perceive our lives.
With watches penetrating people's lives, mankind has come to touch the concept of accurate time that has never existed before.
A woman with a watch and a huge computer with buttons and levers. Both are spectacle that tells society by machine.
And in the age of computers, clocks exist everywhere in our surroundings.
The era of "I wake up when the sun comes out, go to work after getting up" is over, people's lives have been controlled by the time like "I wake up when the alarm sounds, I start work at the time of ○○" It is.
The invention of watch has brought modernization of how to catch the world at once.
In modern times, it is transforming into a mechanically moving society with highly developed technology.
And it may be said that not only "society" but also the concept of capturing our lives by "human beings" made mechanical.