Exercise may improve the brains of Alzheimer's disease patients
Alzheimer's disease that causes atrophy of the brain causes Alzheimer 's type dementia and causes symptoms such as cognitive decline and personality change. About research on such Alzheimer's disease patients, research results were announced that "exercise can clean the inside of the patient's brain and may improve Alzheimer's disease".
Combined adult neurogenesis and BDNF mimic exercise effects on cognition in an Alzheimer's mouse model | Science
How Exercise Might "Clean" the Alzheimer's Brain - Scientific American
It is said that inside the brain suffering from Alzheimer's disease is a "harsh environment" where garbage of various nerve cells accumulates. "Amyloid plaques" accumulated by amyloid β peptide , a type of protein, are formed in the brain, nerve fibers are entangled, and the connection of nerve cells breaks down, resulting in a decrease in cognitive function And loss of memory is expected to occur.
Many researchers thought that increased toxic amyloid plaques would increase Alzheimer's disease, and have repeated various experiments. However, research focusing on amyloid plaques has not produced effective treatment so far, and there are moves to review the amyloid hypothesis that amyloid plaques are the cause of Alzheimer's disease.
On the other hand, the theory that "exercise and other exercise is effective for prevention of Alzheimer's disease" was also presented. Movement brings biochemical changes in the brain, enriching the brain's environment and improving the health condition of nerve cells. It is also said to restore neurogenesis in the adult hippocampus, such as promoting the hippocampal connection and cell growth associated with Alzheimer's disease by exercise.
by NIH Image Gallery
However, to what extent the movement exerts on Alzheimer's brain so far, what kind of therapeutic effect of Alzheimer's disease has been known is not exactly known. So, Dr. Se Hoon Choi's research team at Harvard Medical School of Medicine conducted an experiment on mice to see if it is possible to improve the brain's environment by exercise and use it to treat Alzheimer's disease.
The research team divided the mouse with Alzheimer into groups that exercise and groups that let you sit a lot of time sitting and compare the symptoms of Alzheimer. As a result, significant memory improvement was seen in the mouse who caused exercise. Improvement of neurogenesis in the hippocampus was confirmed in the mouse who caused the exercise, and an increase in protein related to brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) nerve cell growth and promotion of synaptic function was confirmed.
Recovery of mouse memory has been possible by promoting neurogenesis of the hippocampus and increased BDNF level by drugs and genetic therapies before. The research team showed the possibility to cause symptoms of Alzheimer's disease mice by causing exercise the same effect as drugs etc. in the brain.
by Yu-Chan Chen
The result of this research is not based on the amyloid hypothesis, it also agrees with the fact that amyloid plaques are also found from healthy brains. On the other hand, research results on Alzheimer's disease by mice are less likely to be applied to humans instantaneously, and it is also known that many treatments found for mice can not be used for humans.
As a future study, it is necessary to first demonstrate that human beings also increase BDNF level in some way and that cleaning the brain is useful for treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Although a method of injecting BDNF directly into the brain is used for the mouse, it is not realistic to use the same method for humans, so it is necessary to think about another method .
in Science, Posted by log1h_ik