Why do we believe in conspiracy theory and paranormal phenomenon?


Fake news overflows on the Internet,Earth plannerIn the presence of truth, the importance of judging something is increasing more and more. Under such circumstances, "not enough to believe in conspiracy theory or paranormal phenomenon is not enough for cognitive abilities,Critical thinkingIt is necessary to have a research result "is shown.

Epistemic rationality: Skepticism toward unfounded beliefs need sufficient cognitive ability and motivation to be rational - ScienceDirect

To think critically, you have to be both analytical and motivated | Ars Technica

High cognitive ability not a safeguard from conspiracies, paranormal beliefs

I am a psychologist at the University of Illinois at ChicagoTomas StahlAssociate professor and psychologist at the Free University of AmsterdamJan-Willem van ProoijenAssociate professor investigated why people tend to believe conspiracy theory and paranormal phenomenon. Researchers said that the conspiracy theory such as "lunar landing is a lie", "the US government knows beforehand 911", "there are organizations that have great influence on political decisions", and concerning matters such as astrology and telepathy I conducted an online survey on over 300 subjects and investigated what is skeptical about what I believe without any evidence.

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As a result of the investigation, it turned out that the analytical cognitive style is unrelated to believing in conspiracy theory and paranormal phenomenon. However, the relationship between them is lowered only in "those who evaluate the way of thinking based on logic and evidence", and those who do not emphasize logic or evidence are conspirators even though they have an analytical cognitive style It tended to believe in theory and paranormal phenomenon.

In other words, researchers explain that it is necessary not only to have a high "cognitive ability" but also a strong motivation to "be rational" to turn the eyes of rational skepticism into various conspiracies and paranormal phenomena . Associate professor Stahl said, "Without logic or evidence-based beliefs, people with high cognitive abilities tend to believe in conspiracy theory and paranormal as much as those with low cognitive abilities." In research in this field, research results that people who have high cognitive abilities and analytical thinkers are hard to believe conspiracy theory and paranormal phenomenon have also been announced so far.

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"Freemasonry is cowling the worldThere is also a rumor that there is a possibility that actual damage may occur, such as a conspiracy theory that is relatively harmless, such as vaccines and autism. "Unfortunately, much of this belief may be detrimental to people's health choices and the choice of society as a whole," Associate Professor Stahl said.

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