Seven things a child truly needs to master at school
Even if the score of the test is good at school, it does not necessarily succeed after becoming an adult, and now the evaluation method of school education has been changed, the implementation of the test has been reviewed. Susan Engel, a developmental psychologist with a career who has over 300 tests done over 13 years from kindergarten to high school graduation, said that "Seven things a child should master"And summarizes points and evaluation methods to acquire the seven things with school education.
7 things every kid should master - Magazine - The Boston Globe
1: Reading power
According to Ms. Engel, all children should acquire the ability to read before graduating from elementary school, and it is important to have a habit of reading books on a regular basis for information gathering and enjoyment. If children can "read" things, the way they think can not be changed. It is also important that you acquire the ability to gather information in the real world by acquiring the ability to read and acquire the ability to talk with other people.
One way teachers measure the children's reading ability is to observe the way children think and use words. For example, in developmental psychology, we adopt a method of recording and listening to "Child's speech appearance" to measure children's intelligence. Since the complexity of grammar and the vocabulary of sentences in sentences are important indicators for knowing children 's intelligence, teachers can measure their abilities from the sentences the children talk, not just writing tests.
2: Question ability
Children have an urge to understand various things, but in many cases school education does not place any emphasis on "asking questions". Therefore, when going to school, children do less and more questions, they stop searching and lose curiosity. There is a contradiction that the educational system seeking scientific discovery and innovation suppresses the "impulse" essential for "learning".
Mr. Engel encourages the child to ask questions and contrary to existing educational laws as mentioned above and to measure the ability of the child from there. Several indices for measuring the ability of children from past research have been led and "Are you asking questions to obtain answers based on data?" "When asked questions when correct answers were not obtained It seems that it will be possible to evaluate ability in such a way as to "continue using multiple methods such as questioning multiple people or using a PC to obtain an answer".
3: Flexible thinking and power to explain
One of the important skills learned at school is "to think of the situation in multiple ways". The university sometimes issues an essay to write an essay on the question, "Please choose one of your good things and explain it to the reader". This is a measure of how well students are familiar with themselves, whether they can explain the task logically from the standpoint of the understanding side, whether they can convey the meaningfulness or information accurately . In addition to the above questions, "Please explain yourself from the perspective of your friends", but there is also something like that "Education to measure and nurture such" explanatory power "should be done even in elementary school, Engel said I will talk.
4: Conversational ability
It is a well-known fact that in many situations after becoming an adult, it is a well-known fact that the ability to speak is required, but past studies have proved that "conversation with adults" is very important for children. In one study "Conversation with children at home and with parents" was recorded and later analyzed data, but how to ask and answer parents, how to guide children to answers, what the children know I learned that a lot of conversation methods, such as how to know what you are thinking, are inherited to the child. In addition, children can see new worlds they do not know in their conversation with their parents.
On the other hand, children in poor households tend to have less conversation with their parents, and their ability to hear is lower. In that case, it is necessary for the teacher to talk with the child firmly at school, but there are few teachers who put emphasis on conversation with the child. Even though the importance of conversation ability is understood, there is also a problem that it is very difficult to measure conversation ability. There are too many points to watch, such as the length of the conversation, the number of times you interacted with the other party, the number of topics picked up. However, if the teacher knew that "the conversation with the child is worthwhile and it is possible to evaluate the child by conversation", Engel says that he should try to improve the conversation ability of the child.
5: Cooperating with others
Discord is inevitable in the world of children. For example, there is a child called Sean who is a popular school, and at noon we have friends who like it in the cafeteria and everyone is eating, but the boy named Quinn who is short and low in eyeglasses It is supposed that only Shawn gave up as a gangster and gradually began to leak to the mother that "I do not want to go to school" gradually.
I will hear the above events at any school. It is also important for teachers to support children like Quinn, but at the same time you also have to teach children like Sean to suppress the urge to rule others.
One of the important discoveries in developmental psychology is "Children learn how to treat others by seeing" how adults deal with others ". Considering this, it is important that teachers are acting against other teachers and students from the usual way, not just teaching students. Kindness and teamwork are not growing up in the evening one morning, but teachers are required to create "an environment where students can cooperate".
According to Harry Brigg House, an educational philosopher, it is the most important cognitive abilities that can be obtained at school by concentrating on one thing for 20 minutes. Of course, there are differences in people's concentration abilities, some people can concentrate from the beginning, others take a long time to concentrate, but basically the students at the school clear the basic level It is considered to be possible.
In order to clear this level, whether the students are given various opportunities to be immersed, rather than asking for children to concentrate on themselves or turning on students who do not seem to concentrate, And it is important to check whether students are concentrating on given opportunities.
7: Being healthy
The most important thing for children attending school is to be satisfied with the condition when they are in school. Economists and psychologists have shown that "people are reliable when talking about their happiness" until now. Measure the child's condition by asking the child "How do you feel" and "How much do you feel understanding by adults at school?" "How much are you interested in what you are working on?" Should, and Engel.
It is common to measure the state of growth and learning of children by written examination etc. However, it is important for the above seven things to be important to make children free and to make teachers meaningful work, Engel I am talking.
in Note, Posted by logq_fa