What is the way to turn it into a fertile land even in the house garden and the desert?

To raise plants such as agricultural crops, rich soil and fine care are essential. Designing a permanently sustainable environment for humans "PermacultureIt is an expert inPaul WheatonEven in the desert where plants are difficult to growIrrigation (irrigation)Abundant nursery which does not need equipment such as equipment, watering, fertilizer etc "Hugelkultur"We are revealing the method to create.

Hugelkultur: the ultimate raised garden beds

"Hugelkultur" is German that Mr. Wheaton learned while studying permaculture, but Mr. Wheaton of the American does not know the correct pronunciation and is called "Hougel culture". The nursery hugelkultur that Mr. Wheaton invented from many years of research is raised high from the ground, and it is possible to raise plants richly in the desert from the backyard of the house. It is characterized by raising it high from the ground, the corridor is packed with corrupt trees, twigs, burned trees, and Mr. Wheaton is described as "buried forest".

If you bring plants to the backyard of your house,Carbon sequestrationIt is possible to prevent progress of global warming, and even if the world falls into food shortage, we can save enough food. You can see how to make such hugelkultur by seeing the following movie.

Hugelkultur - the ultimate raised garden beds - YouTube

First we will place a big tree trunk in the place where we will create nurseries. Trees are not to be freshly cut down, but use rotten trees or storms blown down by storms. In Mr. Wheaton's consideration, cedarFake acacia·Black cherry·CrogumiIs not suitable,Alder·Apple·Cotton wood· Poplar · willow ·Birch tree·MapleIt is said that it is suitable.

If it is difficult to carry by hand, we use heavy machinery such as tractor to arrange the trees.

After that, complete it with soil over the tree. The soil is not digging back, he says that he finds excessive soil from somewhere and carries it.

Next, I will plant "seedlings with roots of the plants I want to raise and make a" wooden bed ". It is necessary to fix and combine so that seedlings do not come off.

When completed it is like this. The larger size of hugelkultur becomes a rich seedbed, but there is no problem even if it is small. Since size can be increased later, you can make nursery of any size you like.

When I visited the same place in a few months, the yellow fruit was fruit.

Looking at the surroundings, the land where only earth was covered with rich green ... ...

Focusing far away, the surroundings are deserts.

Another direction is Mount Balge.

The boundary between hugelkultur and the desert is clear, and it seems that the forest has suddenly occurred.

Various kinds have been devised for hugelkultur, and the state of making another hugelkultur can be seen from the following movie.

Raised bed gardening without irrigation - hugelkultur - YouTube

First, cover the place where the nurseries are made with soil ......

Thin it with a shovel.

I will place a big log there ... ...

I will line up like this.

We will pack wooden pieces in the gap of the log.

Fill a small gap with the soil from above ... ...

I will stack up the logs.

I will continue to coat it with soil, but it is also important to fill the gaps with soil even by clearing the logs.

It is landfilled with moist soil together with logs standing in the end. It needs to be firmly tapped and hardened so as not to collapse.

This time I am working with a large number of people, so I do not use heavy machinery. Small children are doing their best.

It will be completed if it coats to the top with soil. As the internal log grows as the year passes, as the logs accumulate bacteria and moisture to nourish, even if there are few areas of water or irrigation facilities, it is said that it is a system that can raise plants abundantly with only a small amount of rain Thing.

The following is a diagram showing a section of hugelkultur. In the first few years the interior is packed with logs, but as the progress of corruption progresses, gaps will increase as compost becomes.

Ultimately, it is structured such that the space where plants fully enclose the roots is automatically created as follows.

Below is a summary of hugelkultur types in cross section. It is based on all the base to stack logs and cover the soil high, something to sand the plants between the log and the earth, or to enlarge the size by digging in the surroundings.

It is also effective to increase the number of logs by narrowing down vertically if it is narrow, or making it ahead.

To make hugelkultur on a limited land, if you put a stone or log around it you can create a boundary line.

in Note,   Science,   Video, Posted by darkhorse_log