An attempt to utilize conversational AI as a support lecturer in an educational setting

The interactive AI ``ChatGPT'' announced by OpenAI is able to answer questions from humans very naturally, and in addition to demonstrating high abilities such

as passing free-form questions in college-level exams , A survey reported that 17% of college students use ChatGPT for assignments or exams . There is an active debate about whether ChatGPT should be banned in educational settings, or whether it should be taught and used correctly. It shows the learning policy attached as a support lecturer.

One AI Tutor Per Child: Personalized learning is finally here | by Sai Gaddam | Mar, 2023 | Medium

Interactive AI seems to return the correct answer with natural sentences, but there are cases where it looks good but it is not established or returns random content, so it is not suitable for use on Q&A sites and scientific papers. There is also a movement to prohibit the use for writing. According to the New York City Department of Education, ``ChatGPT may provide quick and concise answers to questions, but it fails to build the critical thinking and problem-solving skills essential for academic and lifelong success. ”, We have banned access to the high-precision chat AI “ChatGPT” from school computers and networks.

New York City bans students and teachers from using ChatGPT - GIGAZINE

On the other hand, interactive AI such as ChatGPT can be useful as an educational tool and can be used as a counselor for children with anxiety. ” is pointed out. Attempts are actually being made to touch AI in university and high school classes, and Professor Ethan Morrick of the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania said, ``Without training, everyone will use AI incorrectly, so it is not a good idea to use AI. We can expect that the learning effect will improve by focusing on how to use AI, instead of focusing on it.'

An attempt to incorporate ``how to use and how to evaluate'' into student education instead of prohibiting AI-GIGAZINE

Sai Gadam, who runs a microschool in Mumbai, India, said: 'Children are forced to sacrifice their childhood and passively sit in the classroom, where the teacher tries to inject knowledge from the top down. is completely insane,' and pursues learning that allows children to be more actively involved in the world. Micro-schools are typically small schools with 15 to 30 students in all grades that utilize technology to provide a highly individualized education for each child. Mr. Gadam's micro school seems to be using ChatGPT as a 'teacher who can actively engage with students one-on-one'.

In addition, ChatGPT is used for fruitful learning where students learn through actual experiences instead of memorizing. For example, to teach children how to write numbers using the 'decimal system' and ' placement notation ' that we commonly use, we asked ChatGPT to 'use dice and a big bag, etc. to When asked, 'Tell me a game for children where you can experience big numbers,' he said that he presented an idea such as 'rolling two dice and making a two-digit number with the eyes that came out.'

In addition, Mr. Gadam shows that it is possible to output 'a story that children learn how to use numbers by playing a play'. Mr. Gadham also provides a personalized hands-on English learning service using AI and large-scale language models (LLM) at a startup called

Giffie , and is paying attention to how to use AI as an educational tutor for individual instruction. .

As a reason for using AI in education, Mr. Gadam explains the theory of 'resonance learning loop'. When people learn something, they are good at so-called 'imitation learning', and it is important to 'learn from others'. And the cycle of using what you have learned from others to learn what they will do next is the cycle of real learning. However, this learning requires two individuals who speak the same language, both linguistically and educationally, and interactive AI will play an active role as a tutor or assistant there. Regarding the validity of this theory, Mr. Gadam quotes the words of Seymour Papert, who is known for developing the programming language LOGO , saying, ``The essence of a computer is its universality, its ability to simulate. Since it can take and perform a thousand functions, it can appeal to a thousand preferences,” he says of the advantages of using AI tutors for imitation learning.

Mr. Gadam's article has become a hot topic on Hacker News, and opinions such as ``Language models often speak nonsense information, and our understanding of AI is insufficient as a technology to be introduced in education'' is also mentioned. Gadam argues that using AI as a learning tutor is not about taking over educational rights as the sole tutor, but using AI to enhance learning. .

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