Experts say the first manned mission to the solar system planets will be Venus, not Mars

Venus , the second planet closest to the sun in the solar system and the planet with the closest orbit to the Earth, is sometimes referred to as the Earth's sister planet. The atmosphere of Venus has a very high atmospheric pressure, a temperature of about 460 degrees, which is hot enough to melt lead, and has a harsh environment where clouds of sulfuric acid exist. It will be a mission land,” claims a group of experts.

Target Venus not Mars for first crewed mission to another planet, experts say |

Planetary exploration involves various types of exploration depending on the planet to be explored and the scientific purpose. Since it is impossible to walk on the surface of Venus, astronauts heading to Venus on a manned mission will explore Venus with a ' flyby mission ' that flies by the side of the planet and explores. In other words, astronauts will explore the planet from inside the spacecraft.

'Mars' has been cited as a leading candidate for human manned missions so far, but in the case of a manned mission to Mars, it takes three years to go back from Earth to Mars. On the other hand, since Venus is closer to the Earth than Mars, it is possible to carry out a round-trip mission in just one year.

A flyby mission to Venus is a scientifically worthwhile exploration, according to a report presented at IAC 2022, the world's largest space industry conference, held in Paris, France from September 18-22, 2022. It is, experts argued, perfect for planetary exploration before conducting a manned mission to Mars.

One of the experts behind a flyby mission to Venus is Dr. Norm Eisenberg of the Applied Physics Laboratory at Johns Hopkins University. He said, ``The current NASA space mission goals are the Moon and Mars.We recommend adding Venus as an intermediate route for that mission.'' He argues that ``manned Venus exploration'' should be carried out between the manned mission

Artemis plan and manned Mars exploration .

Dr. Eisenberg said there are ``realistic discussions'' about incorporating a flyby mission to Venus into the manned Mars exploration that NASA plans to accomplish by the late 2030s. Although the directions of Venus and Mars are different, by performing a swing-by on Venus during a manned mission to Mars, it is possible to reduce the travel time and required fuel of the spacecraft. 'A flyby mission to Venus would therefore be a natural stepping stone to NASA's goal of manned Mars exploration,' Dr. Eisenberg said.

There is also renewed scientific interest in Venus. The discovery of thousands of extrasolar planets has raised the question 'Is it possible for humans to live?' Regardless, we want to understand why Venus is such a hostile environment as hell.

Dr. Eisenberg mentioned a flyby mission on Venus in a report titled 'Meeting with the Goddess.' In this report, it is possible to observe active volcanoes on Venus and search for traces of water and life in the past by using terminals such as rovers, drones, and balloons remotely operated on Venus flyby missions. claim.

However, not all experts agree with the flyby mission on Venus advocated by Dr. Eisenberg et al. Professor Andrew Coates, a space scientist at the Murard Institute for Space Sciences at University College London, said: 'Venus isn't really a good place to go. It's a hellish environment, and it's not a place for human missions. The thermal challenge at

Also, while acknowledging the importance of exploring Venus, Professor Coates says, ``A manned flyby mission will not be very useful in practice.''

in Science, Posted by logu_ii