Which one is the liar between 'smartphone users' and 'laptop users'?
Among Internet users, there must be many people who use the Internet while using different devices, such as 'checking SNS on a smartphone and watching Netflix on a laptop'. A study investigating the effects of the terminal used on human behavior found that people's tendency to lie differs depending on the device.
Lies are more common on laptops than on phones – how devices may shape our behavior when bargaining with strangers
A research team of Terri R. Kurtzberg et al., who studies management and global business at Rutgers University in the United States, conducted an experiment called ' ultimatum game ' among economists, when using a smartphone and using a notebook PC. I conducted a study to investigate how people's behavior changes when they are using it.
An ultimatum game is a game in which one of the two players is given a certain amount of money to share with the other player. The player who receives the money can freely decide how much to split and propose to the other, but if the other does not agree, neither will get the money.
research has shown that such business imagery induces unethical behavior.
In this study, we faced the game with the assumption that 137 college students will participate and share $ 125 (about 18,000 yen). Half of the groups used laptops and the other half used smartphones when negotiating the sharing offer.
As a result of the experiment, participants using any device lied to some extent, but it turned out that laptop users are more likely to lie than smartphone users. Specifically, 62% of smartphone users underreported the amount of money they received, while 82% of notebook PC users had a difference of 20 points.
The research team also conducted another experiment with the theme of negotiating the sale of a fictitious semiconductor manufacturing plant. In this experiment, 222 subjects were divided into buyers and sellers, and only the buyer was told, ``The market price of this factory is estimated at $ 21 million (about 3.02 billion yen).'' .
Then, as in the first experiment, when we had notebook PCs and smartphones divided into negotiations, the average market price that buyers in the group of notebook PC users told sellers was 16.7 million dollars (about 2.4 billion yen). , In the case of smartphone users, it was 18.1 million dollars (about 2.6 billion yen), and the result was that people who used laptops were more likely to lie. In both cases, the buyer ultimately offered the seller a purchase price that was a little higher than the market price he had told the seller.
In order to explore the cause of this difference, the research team conducted a survey asking another participant about the image of each device. It was associated with success and a sense of accomplishment. Past
Previous studies examining the impact of the prevalence of electronic devices have found that people who communicate via e-mail are more likely to lie , uncooperative, and negatively evaluate others than those who use pen and paper. However, this study suggests that there are differences between types of electronic devices.
From this result, the research team concluded that ``the use of technology in decision-making can subtly but fundamentally change our brains.''