What kind of illness is Bruce Willis's 'aphasia'?


The New Insiders | Dave Adler

It was announced that Bruce Willis, an actor known for ' Die Hard ' and others, will retire from the acting business because of 'aphasia'. Expert Abbey Foster and others explain what kind of illness this aphasia is.

What is aphasia, the condition Bruce Willis lives with?

On March 30, 2022, Bruce Willis' wife Emma Heming , ex-wife Demi Moore , and five children were jointly diagnosed with 'our blues diagnosed with aphasia affecting cognitive ability.' After much thought, it's important for him, but he's retiring from the acting business. '

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According to Foster and colleagues, experts in 'aphasia,' a disease that has put an end to Willis' 40-year career, aphasia is primarily a disease that makes it difficult to 'find words.' It will be difficult to speak, understand what the other person is saying, read, write, and handle numbers.

When it becomes difficult to speak, it affects conversation, negotiation, emotional expression, talking about one's experience (story telling), questioning, composing e-mail, etc., and gradually communicates such as ability to exchange information and ability related to human relationships. Depression and other negative mood changes are common as a result of increased problems with family and friends, increased relationships with family and friends, harder outings on public transport, and impacts on identity. Will be able to.

According to Foster et al., Stroke is a common cause of aphasia, but other brain tumors, traumatic brain injuries, and neurodegenerative diseases such as primary progressive aphasia can also cause aphasia. There are variations in severity and types of symptoms depending on the condition of the brain and the brain. Regarding the relationship between various diseases and aphasia, although primary progressive aphasia, in which aphasia progresses slowly, can occur in young people, the main onset is 50 to 75 years old. About one-third of stroke patients develop aphasia, and according to the ' 2017 Patient Survey ' by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, the total number of stroke (cerebrovascular disease) patients is 11.15 million. Calculation that 3.7 million people have stroke-derived aphasia. 'The awareness of aphasia is low for the incidence and symptoms,' Foster and colleagues say.

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Regarding the cure for aphasia, Foster asserts that 'there is no cure for aphasia.' However, it seems that rehabilitation performed with a speech therapist who is an expert in communication disorders may produce great results, and in recent years, the speech therapist will create a rehabilitation program according to the medical condition of aphasia, etc. It is said that 'online rehabilitation' that utilizes it is also being developed .

Regarding the initial symptoms of aphasia, Mr. Foster makes mistakes such as saying 'dog' as 'cat' with similar meaning or 'im' with similar sound, and there are meaningless words. He mentioned that he didn't come and that he couldn't understand what others were saying. If it is difficult to move around the mouth or limbs due to these symptoms, it is highly urgent and he says that he should go to a medical institution immediately.

Aphasia, which causes communication problems, affects not only the patient but also those around him, but Willis and his family's attitude of 'face-to-face with aphasia' shows the depth of love, 'Bruce. Foster and his colleagues commented that the family's statement, 'I'm going to live according to the' Live it up 'that I always said, gives hope to people with aphasia around the world.

by Gage Skidmore

in Science, Posted by darkhorse_log