What are the ancient characters used in the city 'Dale Ala' that disappeared around 1100 BC?

In 1964, a clay tablet with ancient letters was discovered by a team of archaeologists at

Leiden University , Genk Franken, who were investigating Bronze Age temples in the Jordan Valley.

ANE TODAY --202101 --The Enigmatic Tablets from Late Bronze Age Deir'Alla --American Society of Overseas Research (ASOR)

Franken and his colleagues were conducting archaeological excavations in an area called Dale Ala, in the heart of the Jordan Valley. Dale Ala has houses and temples around 1200 BC, where Franken and his colleagues discover various relics such as ceremonial vessels, scaly armor, and gifts from the Queen of the 19th Dynasty of Egypt. Did.

One of the most important discoveries is the 'clay tablet with engraved letters' that seems to have been used in BC. On the clay tablet, there are several words that show consistent grammatical features using symbols drawn with a combination of dots and lines, and Franken et al. Will proceed with decoding to understand the meaning. did.

There are several characters that have been deciphered by the research team. For example, a dot represents the vowel 'i' and a vertical line represents the vowel 'u', so a symbol similar to the shape of an eye is read as 'ʿayin', which means 'eye'. If these decipherments are correct, the following clay tablets demand that the ruined town be forgotten and talk about food provision.

Approximately 29 kinds of symbols have been found on the clay tablets that have been found in total of 15 to date, and they are written from left to right, and are classified as

Semitic or Canaanite languages used near the Middle East. It is also known that it will be possible. In addition, similarities can be confirmed with the 'Ugaritic alphabet ' used in other areas at the same time.

The Dale Ala and Ugaritic letters disappeared at about the same time. Franken and colleagues continue to investigate who and how these letters were used.

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