Even if you have the same weight, the mortality rate and whether you are healthy or not will change depending on what you are eating.

As obesity becomes a social problem, many people have the image that being fat is unhealthy and being thin is healthy, but in recent years,

fat people live longer. It has also been reported that the 'obesity paradox' exists. In addition to this, a new study suggests that 'even if you have the same weight, the mortality rate changes depending on what you eat and live.'

Combined associations of body mass index and adherence to a Mediterranean-like diet with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality: A cohort study

Eating Healthy Foods May Be More Important Than How Much You Weigh

A joint Swedish and American research team analyzed data from 79,003 Swedes collected over the last 21 years. The data analyzed were collected through two research programs and consisted of a total of 350 questions, including 96 dietary questions.

As a result of the analysis, those who continued to take a 'Mediterranean diet' that was high in whole grains, vegetables, fish, and olive oil did not have a high mortality rate, whether they were normal or overweight. On the other hand, those who had a diet far from the Mediterranean diet had a high mortality rate even if they had a normal weight. The number of people analyzed was about the same for men and women, but there was no difference between men and women in the results.

'The results of this study suggest that eating a healthy diet, such as an underground diet, is better than preventing obesity to prevent increased mortality,' the research team said.

However, it has also been shown that obese people on a Mediterranean diet are more likely to die from cardiovascular disease than normal-weight people on a Mediterranean diet. From this, it is possible that overweight and cardiovascular disease have common genetic factors, and that a strict healthy diet offsets the risk factors for obesity.

On the other hand, the research team explained, 'Our observational study investigating the relationship between diet and

BMI , and mortality does not prove that changes in weight or diet reduce the risk of death,' he concludes. He said clinical trials were essential by then. However, it has been pointed out that it is difficult to carry out experiments that require subjects to have strict dietary restrictions over a long period of time.

Obesity has become a social problem today, so it is important to understand the science behind obesity. In 2015, BMI is estimated to be associated with the deaths of about 4 million people worldwide, of which two-thirds were due to heart disease.

The effects of the Mediterranean diet have been the focus of attention since the 1990s, and studies have shown that the group who switched their diet to the Mediterranean diet after a heart attack had half the mortality rate compared to the group who did not. .. On the other hand, some studies have shown that people who gain health through a Mediterranean diet are biased toward wealthy and well-educated people, and it is pointed out that high-quality ingredients are needed to be effective. ..

in Science, Posted by darkhorse_log