What kind of evolution will the AI 'system that monitors everything' in China?



By placing a monitoring tower in the middle of the ward, which was arranged in a circle, also guards from prisoners also not see other prisoners, a system in which only the keeper of the watchtower can monitor the prisoner all,

Panopticon is also referred to as 'whole outlook monitoring system.' It is In China, a system where the government monitors all citizens from every angle from every place is being implemented, and journalist Ross Andersen explains the Chinese surveillance system using AI that can be said to be ``digital panopticon''. ..

China's Artificial Intelligence Surveillance State Goes Global-The Atlantic
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2020/09/china-ai-surveillance/614197/

At the Chinese Academy of Sciences , the highest research institute in China's comprehensive research and natural sciences, there is an “Automation Research Laboratory” where top-class Chinese researchers conduct AI research. Xi Jinping Jintao has a strong interest in automation Institute, for supremacy in China is of AI 2030 initiative as come up with, it's important to the development of AI technology in China.

One of the reasons why China is focusing on AI development is that the Chinese government has been focusing on the introduction and development of surveillance systems for many years. Hundreds of millions of surveillance cameras are installed in China, and most of the images collected from cameras are analyzed by a unique algorithm to detect security threats. 'In the near future, every person who steps into a public place will be instantly identified by AI from a large amount of personal data, such as information from SNS and body characteristics. Eventually, the algorithm will record action records. , Could connect sources from friends and acquaintances, etc. to predict a person's political resistance ahead of time.The Chinese government will soon be unprecedented for more than a billion people. It may achieve political control,' Andersen argued.



◆Experimental monitoring system in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
With the outbreak of the new coronavirus, the New York Times

reported that in China, applications that identify infected people with color codes from smartphone applications and send personal information and location information of users to the police have been distributed. However, before that, in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region in northwestern China, where the Uygur people lived, the predecessor of a system for identifying individuals with color codes from apps was already in operation. Andersen points out that by using the Uighurs as a test bench, it aims to increase AI surveillance throughout China.

The Uighurs took a large-scale protest after the Chinese killing of the Uighurs in 2009, resulting in the 2009 Uighur Mayhem . Xi suppressed the Uygur people by destroying a mosque against the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and took more than one million Uighurs to the concentration camps.

The turmoil has led to increased surveillance of the Uighurs. Most Uighur smartphones are reported to be monitored by malware . According to anthropologist Darren Byerer, some malware was forced to be installed by the police, and malware constantly scans chat logs and censors image files on Uighur smartphones. Moreover, Uighurs cannot download encrypted chat apps, and buying Islamic merchandise in the online shop or storing digital copies of Islamic books are all dangerous acts from police. Is considered



In addition to charging malware to smartphones, police have set up a checkpoint in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region to closely check recent calls and text messages from Uighur smartphones. On the other hand, the lack of digital devices is also a subject of suspicion, 'and completely leaving social media is not the solution,' Andersen said. Police are instructed to warn Uyghurs if they deviate from their normal behavioral patterns. Uighurs are being monitored by police even in the details of their lives, whether they use their surveillance cameras to spend less time talking to their neighbors than they used to, or if their electricity usage is abnormal, in order to capture suspicious movements. ..

The Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region also has a large number of surveillance cameras, and Uighurs must pass through checkpoints with dozens of surveillance cameras just to move between districts. Censorship is performed by an algorithm that matches the Uighur photos taken by police in advance from the video of the surveillance camera. In addition to photographs, police are measuring people's heights, collecting blood samples, and recording voices. Not only that, police are conducting detailed investigations by collecting genetic data from Uighur bodies, 'and it is likely that they will use the new coronavirus infection as an excuse to obtain more data,' Andersen said. Guessed.



Uighur women are also undergoing stringent pregnancy tests, and some are forced to abort. Andersen said in some areas in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region the birth rate has declined by more than 60% in three years as the mother who gave birth to an unauthorized child was detained by the police and separated from her child.

'Xi will use the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region as a monitoring system laboratory, and after adjusting the 'Digital Panopticon' that monitors everything, it seems that it will expand its scope throughout China. Build many monitoring systems in Xinjiang

CETC, a state-owned enterprise, has already conducted a surveillance system pilot project in parts of Zhejiang and Guangdong provinces, according to the company, which is a 'solid foundation for nationwide deployment' and a huge digital market in China. -It's only part of the Panopticon,' said Andersen.



◆The future of surveillance society in China
``China is an ideal environment for experimenting with digital panopticons,'' says Andersen, given the vast population of China and the presence of high-performance sensors in all over one billion smartphones and other devices in the country. Also commented. In China, search engine queries , visited websites, mobile payments, etc. are recorded by sensors in association with time stamps and location information. Also, since the telephone company scans the purchaser's face with the camera when contracting for a smartphone, it is also possible to link smartphone data to the face of a specific person.

US police are also expanding the surveillance system by using images from Amazon's home security camera ' Ring '. However, the Chinese government not only collects images from surveillance cameras, but also collects images and information obtained from drones, self-driving cars, etc., and connects a large amount of data with AI `` City Brain '' that manages the city By complementing it, we have realized technology that updates the image of the entire city in seconds.

“In the next few decades, City Brain and its successors may even be able to read even implicit thinking. In fact, drones are already able to sense and control brain waves . , A powerful authoritarian nation could even command software makers to send all information about citizens' neural activity to government databases,' Andersen said. It should be noted that the Chinese surveillance system is still developing, and there are problems such as the format of personal data not being integrated by the companies providing the system. But 'all data integration is not a difficult problem,' Andersen said.



◆ People who do not want the Chinese government and surveillance society
“China's political structure encourages rather than restricts the worst uses for AI technology. As a democratic state with human rights guaranteed by the United States, the United States struggles to prevent the birth of a surveillance state. And, at least in the United States, there is a political structure in which people can resist the surveillance society, but in China, a political structure is in place that meets all government requirements,' Andersen said. ..

Andersen added: 'It is difficult to deter a government that demands an oversighted society, and it will take millions of actions for citizens to show disobedience. We can't predict what it will bring or if the citizens will be able to withstand it.The Chinese people don't seem to be too radical yet, the pandemic of the new coronavirus makes more people aware of it, There is a possibility that privacy will be neglected.

But some Chinese people are angry at the surveillance community, and some of the youth movements are against the democracy in China, Andersen said. Although the people of Hong Kong are undoubtedly at stake in the surveillance community, they are disadvantaged numerically because they are governed by the '

Hong Kong National Security Act, ' Andersen said.



Researchers are also not in favor of the development of surveillance systems, and some are showing reluctance. In recent years, computer scientist Lee Zhen and philosopher Chou Tin Yang have issued warnings about the abuse of AI in China. Lee announced in 2019 a manifest ' Beijing AI Principles ' that describes the potential of AI to impede autonomy, dignity, privacy, and many other human values.

When Andersen asked Lee how 'the Beijing AI principles were received by people,' he said, 'The Beijing AI principles should be the official announcement of the government.' Beijing AI principles Is my lifework.' Yi, who is also a professor at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, said, 'I teach students the philosophy of AI. I tell them that nobody is involved in a murder robot.' Shortly, the future of students should be able to do much more than make murder robots.'

in Security, Posted by log1m_mn