Isolation policy of new coronavirus measures implemented in the United States, in China there are cases where children whose families are isolated die
To prevent the spread of the new coronavirus that is spreading around the world, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have taken measures to isolate returnees from Wuhan, China, for two weeks. Meanwhile, medical history researcher Leslie Leighton , a visiting lecturer at Georgia State University, summarizes the history of quarantine and isolation measures for infectious diseases.
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Quarantines have tried to keep out disease for thousands of years
On January 29, 2020, 195 Americans returned on a charter flight from Wuhan, the source of the new coronavirus. In response, the CDC issued its first Federal Quarantine Order in 57 years to prevent the spread of the new coronavirus. Returnees were to be quarantined at
The CDC clarifies that this isolation policy is different from the usual measures to isolate those who have already been infected in that it is `` an order to isolate even those who have not been infected '' . At the time of writing, there were no confirmed cases of infection among 195 returnees, and Dr. Nancy Messonnier of CDC said, `` So far, the immediate risk to the general American population is low. '' I am.
Dr. Messonnier has warned that 'do not cause unnecessary panic because of the spread of infection,' calling for non-discrimination against Asian Americans. Also, the best way for Americans to protect their health is to wash their hands frequently with soap and water, avoid touching their faces with unwashed hands, and stay at home when they feel unwell. Insisting on a healthy life.
On the other hand, in Hubei Province of China, it has been reported that a situation has occurred where `` as a result of infection of a family with a new coronavirus and isolation, a boy with a cerebral palsy can not be taken care of and died '' You.
A 17-year-old Yan Cheng who lives in a rural village in Hubei Province, with the capital of Wuhan, was almost unable to move on his own due to cerebral palsy and was difficult to talk to. Usually, his father and brother were taking care of Cheng, but in late January 2020 his father and brother got fever, so they were 15 miles (about 24 km) away as `` suspected to be infected with the new coronavirus '' I have been isolated in a facility.
A father who could not escape from the quarantine appealed to take care of his son who was left at home, but village officials reportedly visited Mr. Cheng only twice in six days. And on January 29, 2020, six days after his family was quarantined, Cheng was found dead on his bed at home.
Leighton points out that the practice of isolating sick people has long been practiced, as is the case in the United States and China. For example, Leviticus 13 in the Old Testament describes measures to isolate patients suspected of having leprosy .
In addition, a quarantine system that checks whether people, animals, and food from overseas have pathogens also began with measures to `` isolate people suspected of having an infectious disease '' if they followed the original. That's right. 1377, was popular in Europe plague in order to prevent, Adriatic sea facing Dubrovnik in the port at anchor in the harbor over the ship for 30 days from the areas where the epidemic is 'plague, if all the crew of the ship is in good health after 30 days Permission is granted assuming that there is no Plague infected person. ' Eventually, the berthing period was extended to 40 days, and the word ' quaranta ' meaning '40' became the word ' quarantine ' meaning quarantine in Italian .
Since then, the quarantine system has evolved, with staff members asking whether tourists are visiting areas where serious illness is prevalent before entering the port. On the other hand, the quality of quarantine varies, and in some cases quarantine systems have been abused for political reasons.
In addition, Leighton continued to work as a cook under the pseudonym, despite being an asymptomatic carrier of Salmonella typhi and was infected by Mary Malone , who infected many people with typhoid fever , and M. tuberculosis, which is resistant to drugs. Andrew Speaker, who traveled to Europe on a honeymoon while being diagnosed as having been diagnosed, noted that in many cases isolation measures did not work for individuals. `` In the United States, where the constitution guarantees individual rights, restricting travel freedom and forcing treatment is a significant decision, '' said Leighton, but quarantine is a useful tool for public health authorities. Admitted that it can be.
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