The world is swirling with slaughter and persecution of religious minorities
Carpana Jane , senior religion and ethics editorial member at the academic news site The Conversation , summarizes five particularly serious problems from the violence and persecution facing religious minorities in the world .
Religious minorities around the world face an uncertain future: 5 essential reads
◆ 1: Persecution of Uyghurs in China
It has been known for some time that the Chinese government has persecuted Muslims and other residents of
In addition, persecution by the Chinese government is not only intensifying, but is also turning to technology. `` The Chinese government has begun monitoring China's messenger app WeChat in 2016, '' said Darwin Bayer, an anthropologist at the University of Washington who is familiar with Uyghur issues. We have begun collecting accurate biometric information, such as intercepting voice communications and face scanning. '
In Iri Kazakh Autonomous Region, located in the northern part of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, it has been reported that the installation of a 'monitoring app' on a smartphone it owns has been forced.
In China the government forced residents to install `` surveillance application '' on smartphone-gigazine
by Office of Naval Research
◆ 2: Violent repression of Christians in Sri Lanka
On April 21, 2019, suicide bombers occurred in several areas, including Colombo, the largest city in Sri Lanka. More than 259 people, including one Japanese, were killed. The main goal of the terror was a Christian church, which was packed with many Christians who had gathered to celebrate Easter .
Sri Lankan law enforcement officials have identified nine members of the national Islamic militant group, National Tawheed Jamaa , as the perpetrators of the suicide bombings, including Muslims, who make up about 9% of the country's population, It has been pointed out that there was a fierce conflict between Christians, accounting for about 7%. According to Matthew Schmalz, a professor of religion at Holy Cross University in Massachusetts, Christians in Sri Lanka are not only attacked by Muslims, but also attacked by Bodu Barra Sena , a newly formed extremist Buddhist organization in recent years. It is said that there is.
◆ 3: Moves to eliminate Muslims in India
In the state of Assam, India, a national registry system was established in August 2019, which serves as the basis for citizen registration.Approximately 30.5 million people were registered, but about 1.9 million were registered as `` foreigners '' from the registry. Excluded. According to Hymanti Roy, who studies South Asian history and politics at Dayton University in Ohio, most of the excluded people are 'women, lower caste, poor, religious minorities.' It was that.
The Indian government also enacted a revised Civil Rights Act on December 10 with the aim of giving preferential citizenship to religious minorities fleeing repression in Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan. And includes Hindus, Christians, and other religious minorities, but excludes Muslims. In response to the Indian government's decision to exclude Muslims from the bailout under the new law, citizens, especially student organizations, have been fighting violently , and deaths due to excessive suppression by police, etc. It is estimated to total 27 people.
◆ 4: Christian crisis in Turkey
According to Ramazan Kilinc, a political scientist at the University of Nebraska-Omaha, Christians living in Turkey have been subject to discrimination frequently since the fall of the Ottoman Empire in 1922. This trend has been exacerbated with the arrival of Regep Taiip Erdogan, who has gained popularity through populist policies that emphasize Islamic and ethnicity, in 2014 as President.
As a result, Christians, who accounted for 25% of the population living in the Turkish region in 1914, have fallen to just under 0.5% in 2019. According to Kilinc, conspiracy theories for non-Muslims are swirling in Turkey, and Christians are seen as enemies as 'the presence of foreign cooperation to hurt the identity of Turkish people'.
◆ 5: Genocide for Rohingya
Rohingya are people who live in Rakhine State, Myanmar, and mainly worship Islam. However, in Myanmar, where Buddhists are the majority, the mainstream view is that the Rohingya is not its own people but `` illegal immigration from neighboring Bangladesh '', and in 2017 a large-scale Rohingya sweep by the Myanmar army Was implemented. In particular, it was reported that 6,700 Rohingya had been killed in the battle that took place in August 2017, which looks like genocide .
by AK Rockefeller
In response to this crackdown, some Rohingya have formed armed rebels called the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) and are conducting terrorist acts, and many Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh and other places to escape the war. , Became a refugee.
Rubayat Jesmin, an economist at the State University of New York at Binghamton, studying Rohingya refugee issues, said when he visited a refugee camp in Bangladesh in July 2019, `` Unsanitary, insufficient food and daily necessities. . in addition, monsoon rain and cold brought about by, and landslides have been allowed to face every day in such as ' said , appealed the plight of refugees.
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