The claim that genocide and massive environmental destruction `` ecoside '' should be regarded as the same level of international crime
The Republic of Vanuatu , an island nation located in the South Pacific, is a freelance journalist who calls on the International Criminal Court to consider a wide range of long-term environmental destruction “ ecoside ” as an international crime equivalent to mass slaughter. Isabella Kaminsky has put together.
Vulnerable nations call for ecocide to be considered an international crime
At the International Criminal Court meeting held on December 3, 2019 (Tuesday), Ambassador John Licht of the Republic of Vanuatu stated that the Act on the Ecoside should be an international crime, and the International Criminal Court Rome Regulations Argued that revisions to should be considered.
At the time of writing, the crimes covered by the International Criminal Court Rome Code are mass slaughter, crimes against humanity , war crimes and aggression crimes . To add the ecoside claimed by the Republic of Vanuatu, it is necessary to revise the International Criminal Court Rome Code. The authority of the International Criminal Court applies to 122 Member States at the time of writing.
The Republic of Vanuatu, where damage caused by rising sea levels has become a major issue, has been advocating climate justice for many years at the International Forum, and since it was damaged by Cyclone Pam in 2015, it should appeal more strongly to climate justice. became.
The Republic of Vanuatu is the first country to officially announce the “stop eco-side” to tackle the eco-side, but the Republic of the Maldives has also announced its efforts following Vanuatu. Ahmed Salem, a member of the Maldives Parliament and the Chairman of the Standing Committee on Climate Change and Environment, said in the statement: “There are few specific actions at the multilateral level to bring about change on the ecoside. No, the time has come for climate change damage to be recognized as part of the international criminal justice system. '
In order to change the International Criminal Court Rome Regulations, the head of state, a party to the International Criminal Court, must submit a formal amendment and obtain approval from more than two-thirds of the member states.
The statement by the Republic of Vanuatu is the result of an activity carried out by Stop Ecoside , an NGO founded by British lawyer Polly Higgins in 2017, says Kaminsky.
The idea of ecoside has been around 50 years ago and was considered in the initial draft of the International Criminal Court Rome Regulations, but was rejected due to the backlash of the United States and the United Kingdom.
Again about the Ecoside being considered by the International Criminal Court Rome Regulations, Stop Ecoside's Jojo Meta said, “A formal amendment will be submitted as early as 2020”. “This is not just the time, but a long-awaited idea. The Republic of Vanuatu has pledged to call for ecoside consideration. Countries recognize the damage caused by climate change and politics “What we are doing is accelerating a very important legal necessity,” says Meta.
Pope Francis, the 266th Pope of Rome, also supports the idea of making the ecoside a crime and proposes adding `` crimes against the natural environment ' ' to the teachings of the Catholic Church in November 2019. .
in Science, Posted by log1m_mn