It turns out that the performance difference between men and women decreases as the test time increases



Although the image that “male is better in mathematics and science tests than women” is deeply rooted, recent research also shows that the difference in performance between men and women in mathematics and science tests is not so large. In a new study where the Dutch research team analyzed the results of the international academic achievement test, it turned out that `` female has a high ability to sustain performance, and the longer the test time, the smaller the gender difference in the results '' .

Females show more sustained performance during test-taking than males | Nature Communications

Girls Would Do Better in Maths and Science Tests If Exams Were Made Longer, Study Finds

Gender gap in science exam performance disappears for longer tests, says study – Physics World

Research teams such as

Matthijs Oosterveen from Erasmus Rotterdam University and Pau Balart from the University of Balearic Islands have reached international student learning conducted by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) to investigate questions about gender gaps. We analyzed the results of the “ Study Program for International Student Evaluation (International Learning Achievement Survey) ”.

The International Learning Achievement Survey conducts standardized tests every three years to measure reading, mathematics, and science skills for 15-year-old students in 74 countries. The research team analyzed data sets of tests conducted in 2006, 2009, 2012, and 2015, and examined what kind of difference the gender performance was.


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As a result of the analysis, the research team pointed out, “Women have lower scores than men in mathematics and science tests, and women have higher scores than men in reading comprehension tests.” I admit that the results were as expected, but it seems that a new trend has emerged from the point of “how much correct answer was entered at which point in the test”.

According to the research team, immediately after the start of the math and science test, men recorded a higher percentage of correct answers than women, but as the test progressed, men's performance declined. The rate of performance decline was greater for men than for women, and women were able to maintain their performance for a longer time than men.

This trend was seen regardless of the year or country in which the test was conducted. In more than half of the countries covered, at the end of the two-hour math and science test, the difference in gender performance seen immediately after the start of the test decreased to less than half, and in some countries the gender performance was reversed. Says the research team.

Subsequently, the research team confirmed more than 400 tests conducted at various answering times to confirm the question that `` gender differences between men and women are decreasing in long time tests than in short time tests '' Analyze mathematical test datasets. Then, in the test with a short answer time, although the male score was higher than that of the female, the sex difference decreased when the test with a long answer time.

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This study is based solely on observation, and the research team cannot explain why women are more capable of maintaining performance. Oosterveen argued that the findings could offset the stereotypical idea of gender, while stating that “there is still not enough to conclude, and we have n’t found it yet.” We are going to continue further research.

Olga Shurchkov, associate professor of economics at Wellesley University , said, “The results of this study are international evidence that suggests that gender gaps will be reduced by the opportunity to continue working on tasks. It ’s important. ”

in Note, Posted by log1h_ik