A bill to regulate `` business that undertakes work on the Internet '' such as Uber is passed



On September 10, 2019, a bill that stipulates that 'the requirement for companies to treat workers as outsourcing' was passed by the Senate of the California State Assembly in the United States. The bill is expected to have a significant impact on “business styles that undertake one-off jobs via the Internet” such as Uber and Lyft .

California Senate passes bill to tighten 'gig' worker rule-Reuters

California Senate passes bill to limit the gig economy-The Verge

The type of business that orders and accepts one-off jobs via the Internet is called “ Gig Economy ”, taking words from “ gig ”, an ad hoc session performed by musicians. .

Gig economy, represented by Uber and Lyft, which offer ride sharing services, has been rapidly spreading in recent years due to its convenience and low price. In addition to the benefits for users, the fact that workers are not bound by working hours and workplaces is one of the factors that contributed to the success. The

On the other hand, the workers engaged in Gig Economy work are not “employees” of Uber or Lyft, but “independent self-employed people” who use those platforms. There are no benefits such as paying fees, sick leave, or overtime pay. In addition, it has been pointed out that in the past, “Uber drivers feel that they are profitable only because they ignore costs” because many of the business costs and expenses are also owned by workers.

In the following article, you can read a story about bloggers who actually worked in Uber and Lyft saying that they couldn't make any money.

I feel that `` Uber drivers are profitable '' only because they do not consider the maintenance cost of private cars-GIGAZINE

California Governor Gavin Newsam wrote in an article in a local newspaper: “Today, rich people are richer and middle class and workers are poorer. It is “misclassified”, accusing Gig Economy of mimicking the gap between rich and poor. In consultation with ride-share drivers, trade unions and high-tech companies, he expressed his intention to advance efforts to improve the status of workers in the gig economy.

Also, Senator Maria Elena Durazo of the California Legislature said, “Let ’s make one clear in the legislature. It ’s also an innovation that saves the wages payable to workers by“ misclassifying ”workers. There ’s nothing. ”

In response to this trend, Californian legislators began to enact the California Legislative Bill No. 5 , commonly known as “AB5”. AB5 has established the following three standards for self-employed, based on the California Supreme Court decision , which sets forth the criteria by which companies consider workers as self-employed.

1: The worker is not engaged in work under the direction or management of the employer
2: The worker's work is different from the employer's main business
3: Workers are customarily engaged in work of the same nature as the work undertaken by the employer

With the implementation of AB5, many of the workers previously working in the gig economy are expected to become official employees. The California trade union issued a statement that the legislative passage of the bill, “The California Legislature has confirmed its position as an advanced leader protecting workers' rights with the approval of AB5,” California The state decision was fully evaluated.

On the other hand, the companies that make up the Gig Economy are rebelling against this decision. Uber accused AB5 of 'forcing employees to become employees, whether they want or not,' in a statement published on the official website. He expressed his view that AB5 impairs the flexible working style of workers. Uber, who has been publicly opposed to AB5 for some time, has announced a joint statement with Lyft and Doordash , a delivery service provider, that `` I am willing to make every effort to eliminate AB5 ''. It is known that each company invested 30 million dollars (about 3.2 billion yen), a total of 90 million dollars (about 9.7 billion yen) aiming to hold a state vote in November 2020 The

On the other hand, Uber dismissed 400 of its 1951 marketing teams in July 2019 due to sluggish business, and another 8% of the total staff from engineering and product groups on 11 September. I just decided to fire 435 people .

AB5, which passed the California Senate Senate, is expected to be officially enacted as a new law in January 2020 after a final resolution by the Legislature and the signing of Governor Newsam.

in Web Service, Posted by log1l_ks