People are more prone to violence when witnessing inequality, and the wealthy side is more likely to do so
In a plane where different seats and services are provided depending on the fare paid, it can be said to be a social epitome in a sense. Therefore, when the statistical data was analyzed by paying attention to the presence of first class in the aircraft, the positional relationship with the economy class, and the incidence of violent incidents of passengers, when the difference between the rich and the poor is seen, the violence is exposed. I understood that it would end up.
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Professor Katherine Dessel of the University of Toronto and Professor Michael Norton of the Harvard Business School presented the results of the study of the incidence and first-class relationships of in-flight violence.
Analysis of data from thousands of flights provided by airlines has shown that the delay of the plane and the congestion on the plane have increased the incidence of violence in the plane. . However, it is the presence or absence of the first class that has been a major cause of the occurrence of violence more than delay and other factors.
When the professors investigated the incidence of violence in two-cabin types with only business class and only one cabin type without business class or with one cabin type without first class, compared with flights without first class, the first class If there was a flight, there were 3.84 times more frequent violent incidents. This is a comparable increase when the plane is delayed 9 hours and 29 minutes.
Prof. Dessel also focused on the structure of the plane. There are two types of flight boarding methods targeted for analysis: one is 'front boarding method' where passengers board from near the nose, and the other is 'body boarding system' where boarding from near the center of the fuselage. The main difference between the two types of boarding methods is that in the 'front boarding method', when an economy class passenger gets into the cabin, it must pass through the cabin where the first class is located.
In almost all planes, the First Class is near the nose, and First Class passengers are often checked in before the Economy Class passengers and board the plane, so 'front-loading' In the case of Economy class passengers will be able to reach their own seat by walking between passengers who are already sitting in first class seats.
On this 'forward boarding' flight, the incidence of violent incidents increased by 2.18 times in the economy class compared to flights that did not. This corresponds to 5 hours and 58 minutes in terms of delay time. In addition, the incidence rate in the first class has jumped to 12.86 times nearly 12 times. The results show that the tendency for violence to occur when witnessing inequality is more pronounced in first class than in economy class.
In addition, when scrutinized the contents of the violence cases, the violence cases that occurred in the first class are often triggered by 'a fight with strong anger', while in the economy class, 'explosion of emotion' is a violence case Tend to be the cause of
From this, Professor Dessel points out that when inequalities are visualized, people are more likely to cause violence regardless of what they have or do not have. In addition, it has been analyzed that 'the wealthy people are more likely to express anger, while the poor people are more likely to lose control.' It is said that it is effective to separate the first class boarding gate and the other boarding gates to prevent this situation, but the problem is not limited to the plane. If people are given different seats at a stadium where they watch sports and other seats, or if specific employees and other employees at the company can have different seats, 'the difference between the size and comfort in any place 'We continue to witness inequalities,' says Dessel.
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