A number of research reports showing that paper books are superior to electronic books
With the spread of smartphones, tablets, or dedicated leaders, opportunities to touch e-books have increased considerably. Even so, as the report shows that 92% of college students like paper books and reports that 2 people in 3 people prefer paper books even among young people between the ages of 16 and 24 , the paper books have a strong popularity I am proud. Scientific American summarizes the research that compares the convenience of such electronic books and paper books.
The Reading Brain in the Digital Age: The Science of Paper versus Screens - Scientific American
Research on the difference between reading books on paper books and reading characters displayed on the screen was already underway in the 1980s. Although studies before 1992 had concluded that on-screen reading was slow and inaccurate compared to paper, from the early 1990's research there was no significant difference in reading and understanding between paper and screen And it was.
However, in various experiments and public opinion polls, screens and e-book readers have overlooked the tactile experience of paper books, and it is said that it is not possible to satisfactorily read the long sentences intuitively I will.
As one of the reasons, Scientific American cites "to navigate text as a landscape". "Scenery of the text" on how the text is arranged on the opened page means that the reader can concentrate on one page without losing the whole text. Compared to e-books where text is often rearranged due to the size of the screen or letters, paper books have obvious terrain, and turning the page seems to leave footprints on the way they've been walking There is a rhythm in the story and it says that you can feel that there is a record of how far it progressed.
Mr. Abigail Selen , researcher at Microsoft Research Lab and co-author of " The myth of paperless office " said, "The sense of what I am reading the books I am now is more than we knew "When I read an e-book, I begin to miss it, I think e-book manufacturers are not thinking enough about how to visualize where you are in a book," said e-book We are emphasizing the disadvantage of.
Thus, several studies have demonstrated that the lack of a "navigate text" method damages the screen's understanding. In a study conducted at Stavanger University in Norway in 2013, we asked 72 students with similar reading comprehension to study about 1,500 words of text and their commentary, and half of them asked for paper text, Another half has read a PDF file with 15 inch liquid crystal display. As a result, students reading texts on display showed a slightly worse performance than students reading on paper.
Based on the research results, it was thought that it is more difficult to find specific information by referring to text when reading sentences on display. Students reading on paper quickly switch pages and pages, whereas students reading on display had to scroll PDF one section at a time.
Also, when reading a story or the like with an e-book, the scroll bar is opened and it seems "is still about half", or after reading the last sentence, "I feel like it is over" There should be many people. While paper books have sizes and weights that are readily apparent, digital text can only be confirmed with a rough amount with a scroll bar or the like and there is no clear shape, so it is the same for both short and hard covers It has also been discovered by creating " tactile dissonance " for e-book readers of weight. It is stated that this sense not only makes reading a fun one, but also possibly makes it uncomfortable.
Another point, Scientific American introduces the difference between "know" and "remember" as an important point of view. In a survey conducted at Leicester University in 2003, 50 college students were instructed to read teaching materials for economics enthusiasts with a monitor or a booklet, and after 20 minutes tested on selected issues. As a result, I got an equivalent score between students who read on paper and students who read them on the monitor, but the way they store information is different.
During the test, students who were reading the teaching materials on a monitor tended to rely on short-term "memorable" memories, whereas in what context did the students read in the brochure see the information It was said that it was a long-term "knowing" memory called "knowing". It is not a problem with the display if you only see it as information, but it is concluded that the book of paper is suitable for acquiring as knowledge.
In addition, researchers have pointed out the physical and mental burden that screen-based reading gives, such as lowering the quality of sleep when reading e-books before going to bed . The glare of the liquid crystal and flickering etc. are liable to cause eye fatigue and headache, and the results of research that the performance is lowered when testing on the screen and the feeling of fatigue and stress are reported is also reported.
"When reading intensively the text, there may still be advantages for paper and ink," Scientific American says at the end, while "text is not the only reading target" but a new idea Is presented. There are works suitable for reading on screens such as comics and art books, and books matched according to the specifications of e-book readers, and e-books only emphasis on simple transplant of paper and experiences close to paper book We insist that we should pursue a new reading experience rather than a new reading experience.