Can 'Audio Book' which let the contents of a book be heard by voice be a substitute for reading?

by Dzenina Lukac

" Audio book " is audio content that read books. There are many people traveling by car in the US, and many people listen to audio books while moving. Experts replied to the question "About audio books," even if you listen to a book in an audio book, you can understand the contents of the book just as if you read a book normally.

Are Audio Bookss As Good For You As Reading? Here's What Experts Say | Time

Audio books where hands and gaze are free when it is said that books are dying to read, but they are chased by work and living and can not have time to read ", it can be said that it is more convenient compared to conventional reading . Although it is an audio book that can "listen" to bestselling books even during such commuting or while cleaning the house, "I feel like I do not come in my head unlike reading books," that practical use A lot of people question the gender.

Mr. Beth Rogowski , an associate professor of pedagogy at Bloomsburg University in Pennsylvania , personally liked audio books, but he thought that it was "cheating". So in 2016 Mr. Rogowski did research on audio books and reading.

The research team of Rogowski et al. Conducted experiments using Laura Hillenbrand 's work " Unbroken " written about Mr. Athlete Luis Zamperini who became a prisoner of the Japanese army during the Second World War. The first group listened to the contents of the book in the audio book, the second group read books by electronic books, the third group read the electronic books listening to the audio books. Finally, as a result of testing to check how much the book was understood for all groups, as a result, "We could not confirm the big difference between the three groups," says Rogowski.

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Then, if it says whether the audio book is effective, there still remains a doubt in there. In Mr. Rogowski's research, the group that used to read books was an electronic book, not a paper-based book. Research results that "Reading books with e-books is inferior to paper books in learning degree and comprehension degree" have also been made, and Mr. Rogowski's research result is "to compare audio book and e-book" to the last It is necessary to pay attention to points.

Some people point out the reason why paper books are more comprehensive than e-books, paper books say "it is easy to understand which part of the whole book I'm reading right now." Daniel Willingham , professor of psychology at the University of Virginia said, "When you are reading a story, feeling the point where you are among important events depends on understanding and reorganizing the story I will help you. " In electronic books, it is hard to understand which part of the book is being read as real feeling, and that is one factor that is inferior to paper books in terms of comprehension.

The fact that "printed characters are fixed in a specific place on a specific page" seems to help establish the contents of books to memory rather than electronic books, and several (PDF file) studies It reinforces this theory. Like audio books like e-books, we do not fix the content of books to physical clues, so we may be inferior to paper books in terms of comprehension.

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Another big difference in reading and audio books is "Rhythms to read books". According to Mr. Willingham, 10 to 15% of the eyeball movements while a person is reading a book is "I am reading the part that I read earlier". "This phenomenon is done very quickly and constantly and is an indispensable element to better understand the sentences," Mr. Willingham said and people read books from the beginning to the end only in one direction It is suggesting that it is not going forward.

It is very difficult to "return to a sentence slightly before" in an audio book, and stopping the sound for a while and rewinding a bit can not hear the sound smoothly at all. "People listening to audio books are remembering sentences a little earlier than the sentences that come into my ears, in my mind," Willingham said.

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Furthermore, it is also a problem that "While we are listening to audio books, we can not always listen intensively." David Daniel , professor of psychology at James Madison University , says that it is not unusual to break up concentration momentarily for a few seconds or minutes.

In the case of reading, it is easy to read back a part that you skipped a bit in a moment by returning the line of sight or turning over the page. However, it is not so easy for audio books. It is troublesome to concentrate on the voice again by doing an operation to rewind until a while ago and it is difficult to rest the brain and put a rest as it is like a book after returning to the previous page.

Daniel said of the 2010 study , the podcast divided into student groups of reading the students and the lectures the contents of the paper heard a lecture by the audio book that has been published in, gave a degree of understanding check. "The degree of comprehension of the group of podcasts was considerably worse than the group of paper books," Daniel said and the podcast group has an average of 28% as compared to the group of paper books He said that his grades were bad.

Interestingly, almost all the students thought that "a group of podcasts is better than a paper book" before the start of the experiment, but when asking which group is better before the test , It seems that many students changed the idea that "group of paper books is good". "The podcast group's students knew that they could not study," Daniel said.

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Of course, it may be possible to understand the contents properly also in the audio book depending on the training. However, Mr. Daniel pointed out that the point that "I can not draw underline, check, or add supplements to the content" of the audiobook is not suitable for learning. This point is that the audio book is clearly inferior to reading, Mr. Daniel points out.

Meanwhile, Mr. Willingham points out that the benefits of audio books are "people talked about information for a long period of ten thousands of years". The semantic transmission by letters has only a history of thousands of years to hundreds of years, "When reading, it is not the part of the brain developed to read the letters, I am reading it, "Mr. Willingham said. Also, there seems to be a possibility that you can better understand emotions that can not be read from letters, from the intonation and voice undulations used by speakers of audio books.

However, the last obstacle to getting into the audio book is that "audio books almost certainly become multitasking". Mr. Willingham said, "Even if you try to learn something while doing two things, it will not work," even if you are working or working like dishwasher, the degree of attention will definitely decline.

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Although many disadvantages about audio books have been shown, Willingham said that if you use audio book as "just entertainment", not for work or study, there is no problem. If you just enjoy the story, there is only a "slight difference" between the audio book and reading.

in Note, Posted by log1h_ik