Does the "Daily Mile" activity that runs 15 minutes a day have a positive impact on children?

Activities in which children going to school run outdoors for 15 minutes a day and run for 1 mile (about 1.6 km) distanceThe Daily Mile(Daily Mile) "was born in the UK and spread all over the world. Depending on the viewpoint, a report has been published that investigates the actual situation whether or not this activity is actually effecting that some people took it as though only studying time was cut for 15 minutes.

The Daily Mile makes primary school children more active, less sedentary and improves their fitness and body composition: a quasi-experimental pilot study | BMC Medicine | Full Text

Does running a mile a day really improving children's lives? | Life and style | The Guardian

Daily Mile started when Elaine Wiley who was a teacher of elementary school advocated. Mr. Wiley who was shocked as being told by an 80-year-old volunteer staff that "your school's children are not healthy" consulted them with physical education teachers. Then, I heard that the answer "I'm tired of just preparing gymnastics many of my recent children." Mr. Wiley who went to see the actual physical education lesson on the afternoon of that day said that most of the children had got stuck and became immovable and received a great shock.

So Wiley started a program to go outdoors and run for 15 minutes a day. While running everyday, the children gradually acquired physical strength, and after a month they could continue running without stopping for 15 minutes. This attempt will be incorporated into all the classes in the school and the curriculum of a nursery school, and the activities of "Daily Mile" began from here.

About The Daily Mile | The Daily Mile

This activity is now being incorporated into more than 3,600 elementary schools in 35 countries. Both of them are schools that joined the group in favor of the idea of ​​Daily Mile, but it was a weakness that data showing its effect was missing. However, in May 2018, the results of the investigation of 391 children attending two Scottish elementary schools were announced.

These schools have been practicing Daily Mile for seven months and as a result, in the "Shuttle Run Test" which runs back and forth from the same place, it seems like to be 5% more distance than children who do not run everyday It is said that it became. Schools children who introduced Daily Mile know that their bodies are tightened and the average time to do activity of moderate to active intensity extends 9 minutes a day on average, on the other hand to desks etc. The result is that it took 18 minutes for the time to sit and work.

Also, it is said that changes are appearing in children's bodies. The "fold size of the skin" which is one of the factors to measure the degree of obesity has decreased by 4% than other children, and the children of the school introducing the Daily Mile know that the body was tightened I will. In England and Scotland, 30% of the children are overweight, and concerns over the health situation in the later life are rising. Even though the cause-and-effect relationship has not been elucidated, it is noteworthy evidence that a certain relationship was found between Daily Mile and obesity. In addition, it is said that running is a daily habit of children, giving a positive effect to feelings.

The time "15 minutes a day" meets only a part of the criterion "one hour per day from medium to heavy exercise" which is essential for children. However, it is only one fifth of children aged 5 to 15 that meets this standard, so it can be said that it is meaningful to keep 15 minutes of exercise. In the latest nationwide survey, it is known that one third of parents perceive "the amount of exercise necessary for children" less than it actually is. Susan Koan of Leeds Beckett University, the leader of the study said, "Parents and children think that the biggest barrier to becoming more active is" no time " It is. Mr. Kohan explains the importance of incorporating exercise in daily life, such as walking every day to school, choosing a type of game to move the body when playing at home.

One reason why exercise is considered very important for children is to help establish lifelong habits. "Children who actively exercise since childhood have a moderate relationship with actively performing activities even after becoming adults," said Craig Williams, director of children's health and exercise research center at Exeter University I am talking. In addition, doing exercise as a child has a great influence on the growth of bones that shape the body. The higher the bone density in younger days, the lower the risk of bone fracture or osteoporosis in later life.

Williams said, "This way of thinking is like" depositing more bones in the bank with the banks ", he said, stimulating by jumping and running around in the growing season, strengthening bones and muscles It is important to keep it. It seems that it is clear that healthierness at the age of 18 also leads to lowering the possibility of cardiovascular diseases including heart attacks in subsequent life.

Nonethe- ty, some people question the fact that children's class hours are shortened by 15 minutes every day. However, in 2016, Mr. Williams and 23 other child health experts announced that "the lesson time deprived for physical activity is meaningful and it will interfere with taking good grades It is understood that physical activity promotes the development of the brain of the young people and increases intelligence. "

Also, the fact that Daily Mile is done outdoors will further enhance its effectiveness. Dr. Rachel Shaman, a sleep researcher at Oxford University, says, "Bright light directly affects and activates the brain area that controls arousal and cognition." Also, you can adjust the timing of the body clock by exercise. By having a bright light in the morning, it tends to go crazy while youngCircadian rhythmThere is an effect to correct. This means that the rhythm that the body wants to sleep in the night that it should sleep properly will be preserved.

For six years from the start, Daily Mile has been introduced in half of elementary schools in Scotland and a quarter of the school in England, as well as schools in France, the Netherlands and Belgium.

In addition, the Daily Mile movement is expanding to North American countries, Africa and Oceania as well.

In the following movies, Mr. Wiley talks about the significance of Daily Mile.

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