Evidence that famous archeologists forged articles excavated from ruins is discovered after death
When I heard that "archaeologist forged articles excavated from ruins", it happened in JapanOld stoneware drilling caseAlthough there should be many people reminiscent of, "It is highly likely that some of the excavated items found in the Turkish ruins 9000 years ago were counterfeited by famous archaeologists," the topic It is becoming.
Famed Archaeologist 'Discovered' His Own Fakes at 9,000-Year-Old Settlement
Be a prominent archaeologist in the UKJames MelatMr. Turkey's Anatolian peninsula in southern part "Chatar HuyukIt is a person who engaged in the excavation investigation of the ruins called "ruins". Chatar Huyuk isNeolithic periodFromCopper AgeIt is an archaeological site from the old era, ruins of a new era accumulate in layers. The time when the bottom layer was formed dates back to 7,500 BC, and it is sometimes called "the oldest urban ruin in the world" due to the size and complex structure of the ruins.
Melato born in London in 1925 gave a lecture at the University of Istanbul,The Ankara Laboratory in the United Kingdom (BIAA)He served as an associate professor. In the western part of Anatolian peninsula in 1954Bayjet Sultan ruinsHe led the excavation survey, and he said that he gave a credit for discovering "champagne glass" made of pottery made in the late bronze period. In 1961, three years after Chathar Huyuk was discovered in 1958, Mr. Melat directed excavation investigation by Chatar Huyuk, discovered more than 150 rooms and many excavated items such as buildings, murals and statues.
In 1964 Mr. Melat was forbidden to excavate the ruins in Turkey as it is helping smugglers who sell excavated items. Even after the ruins can not be excavated in Turkey, I continued my research on the excavated items brought back from the ruins and published new mural paintings with research results, etc. It was known as a prominent archaeologist leading the early Anatolian studies It was. However, since Mr. Melat died in 2012, Mr. Melat has continued to organize his belongingsRuwi InstituteofEberhardt Tsanger"We have found evidence of counterfeiting the wall paintings of Chatar Huyuk from Merat's belongings."
"Mr. Melat has been conducting a survey on the remains of the Chatar Huyuk surroundings for more than 50 years, has acquired a very broad knowledge of Anatolia, mobilized knowledge to mobilize the past, and imagined past panoramas," Tsanga said But this process itself is not strange.
It is common that an archeologist expresses a hypothesis about the past era and finds evidence that other archaeologists support it or find out from excavations at the ruins. "Melato seems to have produced evidence to strengthen my theory instead of discovering evidence through excavations at the ruins," Mr. Tsanga said.
In 1995, Mr. MelatRuwiIt is said that he sent a letter to Mr. Tsanger describing an inscription written in an ancient language used from the southern part of the Anatolian peninsula to Syria. Among them, Mr. Melat told that "Although I can not read or write Ruwi," the inscription could be partially deciphered with the help of other archaeologists familiar with Ruwi. In 1992 Mr. MelatAnglo-Israel Archaeological SocietyIn the journal of academic society, I have published a paper that refers to the contents of the inscription, and it is known that I continued researching the inscription.
After Mr. Melat died in 2012, the memorandum discovered by Tsanger from Mr. Melat's apartment "I want you to release it with other researchers if the discovered inscription is not fully disclosed" It was said that he began to organize the Merat's belongings because he had been. From December 2017 in Material held by Mr. Melat, deciphered materials about inscriptions about Prince Troia written 3200 years agoIt was made publicHowever, from the archaeologists, there was doubt that it was "counterfeited material". In recognition of this doubt, Tsanga said that although all inscriptions can not be forged, I can not be confident that the inscription on Prince Troy is genuine.
In addition to Mr. Melat's assertion that Melat's relics "can not read or write Ruwi", evidence has also been found that Mr. Melat was proficient in ancient languages. Mr. Melat said that all archaeologists who were talking about "cooperating in deciphering the Ruwi language" were all deceased as of 1995, Mr. Melat said that he did decipher the Ruwi language There is a possibility that while wearing it is not, I wrote the words supporting my theory in Ruwi.
"The act of leaving a memo that Mr. Melat" announce these relics as research findings after my death "is the same as bringing me to forge the history of archeology. I felt that I thought that I was willing to hurt my career, I felt betrayed. " Mr. Melat's belongings have found "scraped fragments" of murals painting that they found in Chatar Huyuk, not only inscriptions written in Ruwi but also mural paintings that were forged I think there is.
Mr. Teranger says that Mr. Merrat would have wanted to retaliate against the archaeological society somehow after being forbidden in Turkey excavation survey in 1964. "Melato seems to have gradually entered the world of imagination for half a century since Turkey was exiled," Mr. Tsangger speculated, and in a letter sent to Mr. Tsanger in 1995, Both Mr. Melat's depth of historical knowledge and extensive imagination are said to be a glimpse.
The archaeologists who are currently conducting excavations at Chatar HuyukIan · HodderHe said he did not announce a comment on this matter.
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