What are the criteria for the government to consider you as a "dangerous person" and thoroughly monitor it?

Since the September 11 terrorist attacks on 11 September 2001, the United States government under the name of measures against terrorism, under the Bush administration "United States Patriot ActUnder the Obama administration "National Defense Authority Act (NDAA)We have strengthened the nationwide surveillance system in the United States, but not only terrorists but also people who are suspected of involvement in terrorist activities will be monitored and thoroughly marked for the person to be monitored The existence of the list to be registered and the criteria to be monitored are clarified by the leaked government agency creation document.

March 2013 Watchlisting Guidance - The Intercept

Blacklisted: The Secret Government Rulebook For Labeling You a Terrorist Intercept

Be the founder of eBayPierre OmidiaEmerging Internet news media established by Mr. and othersThe InterceptIs a summary of the certification criteria (judgment criteria) for designating the caution-needed person for monitoring against terrorism, called "Watchlisting Guidance (guidance for anti-terrorism / monitoring required designation)" created by the Obama administration We obtained and published the document.

This Watchlisting Guidance (the "Guidelines") is a 166-page document created in March 2013 by the National Counterterrorism Countermeasures Center, which not only contains information on major terrorists, but also a Watchlist (watch List) and rules for selecting people to put on the list are described.

There is an operation system that depends on the concept of leaving ambiguity as "reasonable doubt" as a standard for monitoring a specific person. Since it is the government agency to judge whether the suspicion is reasonable, it is obvious that there is a lot of room for discretion as to whether or not to install the list. In addition, although the guidelines prohibit designation as an object to be monitored based on unreliable information, they say that "evidence and specific facts that can not be moved as a basis for reasonable doubt are not necessary" , It is considered difficult to prevent arbitrary monitoring designation.

Furthermore, exceptional provisions to be called loopholes for adding specific people to the list to be monitored are established even if they do not satisfy reasonable doubt, for example, even if it is not possible to confirm involvement in terrorist activities, If there is something related to the suspected person, it will be monitored and it is said to be OK. In other words, it is out just because my name is registered in the phone book of the cell phone of a suspected terrorist and a suspicious person.

Registration information on the watch list is shared not only by US government agencies but also by foreign governments, local administrations and some private companies, so once they are registered in the watch list, they will be refused to use the airplane, It may be disadvantageous to be disadvantaged. The Intercept points out that the proper procedure for requesting deletion from the watch list is unclear and not deleted from the list even if it died.

The number of persons designated by the government as a fly-by list until September 11, 2001 was only 16 people, as the watch list was operated, the name was given to the prohibited fly list The number of people who have increased, and it is said that tens of thousands are now now. In connection with this, there is an "incident" that Senator Ted Kennedy refuses to board an airplane five times because it is the same name as the person on board the flight prohibition list I will.

The criteria of the guidelines that recognize too wide discretion is not only the risk of easily targeting good citizens who have nothing to do with terrorist activities but too much, It is pointed out that there is a danger that the existence of terrorists to be monitored will be buried in the crowd.

in Note, Posted by darkhorse_log